Marcella Renis

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In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 DIV astrocyte cultures pretreated or not with 0.5 mM glutamate for 24 h and than maintained under chronic or acute treatment with 50 μM R(+)enantiomer or raceme alpha-lipoic acid (ALA). GFAP expression significantly increased after (R+)enantiomer(More)
We studied in vitro the effects of anticonvulsant drugs Gabapentin and Topiramate on the production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO), the activity of glutamine synthetase (GS), and cell viability in primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes which are intimately involved in the normal functioning of neurons. We investigated the effects of(More)
Lipoic acid plays a crucial role as antioxidant and metabolic component of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism of different cell types. Choline alphoscerate (α-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline [αGPC]) is a semisynthetic derivative of phosphatidylcholines representing, among acetilcholine precursors, a cholinergic drug. In the present study, we evaluated the(More)
The ether lipid 1-octadecyl-2-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3) is a membrane interactive drug selectively cytotoxic toward neoplastic cells compared to normal cells. It induces apoptosis in human leukemic HL-60, T-lymphoid and in U937 myeloid cell lines and stimulates NO biosynthesis in cultured rat astrocytes. We have found a double action(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of Levetiracetam, a new antiepileptic drug, on the synthesis of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in rat cortical astrocyte cultures. The astrocytes were treated for 48 h with different concentrations of Levetiracetam and the expression of BDNF and(More)
We studied in vitro the effects of Tiagabine on genomic DNA of cortical rat astrocytes. To evaluate DNA damage, we used a relatively simple technique called Single Cell Gel Electrophoresis or Comet assay. Tiagabine was dissolved in culture medium and added at concentration of 1, 10, 20 and 50 microg/ml on 12-day old cultured astrocytes. In presence of 1 and(More)
In the present study the influence of pretreatment with various GSH depletors such as buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and diethylmaleate (DEM) was investigated in rats following cerebral post-ischemic reperfusion. Moreover, the effect of diethyldithiocarbamic acid (DDC), inhibitor of endogenous Cu,Zn-SOD, was evaluated. A significant depletion (40% of control(More)
Ethanol-induced neurological disorders have recently been characterised. Indeed, evidence has been collected indicating that chronic ethanol consumption leads to direct or indirect changes in the viability of central nervous system cells. Here we investigated the role of free radical overproduction in primary cortical rat astroglial cells undergoing chronic(More)
The effect of propylthiouracil-induced neonatal hypothyroidism on some aspects of the biogenesis of free (non-synaptosomal) mitochondria in the cerebral hemispheres and in the cerebellum of developing rat has been studied. The results obtained show that in hypothyroid rats mitochondrial DNA synthesis is delayed, mitochondrial RNA synthesis is not affected(More)
The content of DNA and of 16S rRNA and of two mRNAs, i.e., the mRNA for the cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and the mRNA for one subunit of the NADH dehydrogenase (ND4), in free (nonsynaptic) mitochondria of developing and adult rat cerebellum has been determined. During postnatal development, DNA content of free (nonsynaptic) mitochondria increases 10 times(More)