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Bacopa monniera L. (family Scrophulariaceae) (BM) is an Ayurvedic medicine, clinically used for memory enhancing, epilepsy, insomnia and as a mild sedative. In this work, the free radical scavenging capacity of a methanol extract of BM and the effect on DNA cleavage induced by H2O2 UV-photolysis was investigated. In addition, we examined whether this plant(More)
Free radical-mediated oxidative damage has been implicated in the pathophysiological mechanisms of apoptosis. In this study we report that statistically significant strand breaks were induced primarily in the hippocampus and cerebellum during chronic, and not acute, ethanol treatment. Damage to DNA observed in hippocampus and cerebellum was also correlated(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and other moulds, has recently received growing attention because of its carcinogenic, teratogenic and nephrotoxic properties in both humans and farm animals. Nevertheless, with regard to the mechanism of toxicity, the data in the literature are inconclusive. The aim of our work was to verify(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the expression of some proliferation and differentiation markers in 15 DIV astrocyte cultures pretreated or not with 0.5 mM glutamate for 24 h and than maintained under chronic or acute treatment with 50 μM R(+)enantiomer or raceme alpha-lipoic acid (ALA). GFAP expression significantly increased after (R+)enantiomer(More)
Perturbation of oxidant/antioxidant cellular balance, induced by cellular metabolism and by exogenous sources, causes deleterious effects to proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids, leading to a condition named "oxidative stress" that is involved in several diseases, such as cancer, ischemia-reperfusion injury, and neurodegenerative disorders. Among the(More)
We studied in vitro the effects of anticonvulsant drugs Gabapentin and Topiramate on the production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO), the activity of glutamine synthetase (GS), and cell viability in primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes which are intimately involved in the normal functioning of neurons. We investigated the effects of(More)
It is generally agreed that lipid peroxides play an important role in the pathogenesis of ethanol-induced cellular injury and that free sulfhydryl groups are vital in cellular defense against endogenous or exogenous oxidants. It has been observed that oxidative stress induces the synthesis of the 70-kDa family of heat-shock proteins (HSPs). Induction of(More)
Lipoic acid plays a crucial role as antioxidant and metabolic component of enzymes involved in glucose metabolism of different cell types. Choline alphoscerate (α-glyceryl-phosphoryl-choline [αGPC]) is a semisynthetic derivative of phosphatidylcholines representing, among acetilcholine precursors, a cholinergic drug. In the present study, we evaluated the(More)
The ether lipid 1-octadecyl-2-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH3) is a membrane interactive drug selectively cytotoxic toward neoplastic cells compared to normal cells. It induces apoptosis in human leukemic HL-60, T-lymphoid and in U937 myeloid cell lines and stimulates NO biosynthesis in cultured rat astrocytes. We have found a double action(More)
A quantitative study on the effect of senescence on mitochondrial DNA expression has been carried out by measuring the levels of the 12S rRNA and of the mRNA for the subunit I of cytochrome oxidase in several tissues of adult and senescent rats. The concentration of both RNA species/mitochondrial DNA molecule is significantly reduced in senescent brain and(More)