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Bacopa monniera L. (family Scrophulariaceae) (BM) is an Ayurvedic medicine, clinically used for memory enhancing, epilepsy, insomnia and as a mild sedative. In this work, the free radical scavenging capacity of a methanol extract of BM and the effect on DNA cleavage induced by H2O2 UV-photolysis was investigated. In addition, we examined whether this plant(More)
It is generally agreed that lipid peroxides play an important role in the pathogenesis of ethanol-induced cellular injury and that free sulfhydryl groups are vital in cellular defense against endogenous or exogenous oxidants. It has been observed that oxidative stress induces the synthesis of the 70-kDa family of heat-shock proteins (HSPs). Induction of(More)
Free radical-mediated oxidative damage has been implicated in the pathophysiological mechanisms of apoptosis. In this study we report that statistically significant strand breaks were induced primarily in the hippocampus and cerebellum during chronic, and not acute, ethanol treatment. Damage to DNA observed in hippocampus and cerebellum was also correlated(More)
We studied in vitro the effects of anticonvulsant drugs Gabapentin and Topiramate on the production of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide (NO), the activity of glutamine synthetase (GS), and cell viability in primary cultures of rat cortical astrocytes which are intimately involved in the normal functioning of neurons. We investigated the effects of(More)
BACKGROUND 70 KDa heat shock proteins (HSPs70), either as a constitutive or inducible form, are expressed at very high levels in malignant human tumors of various origin. In different cell types, they are known to play an antiapoptotic role. Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene), a polyphenol present in red wine, grapes and other dietary and(More)
Pyrrolidinedithiocarbamate (PDTC) is a metal chelating compound, which exerts both pro-apoptotic effect and pro-oxidant activity on many cells. Our objective was to investigate whether PDTC was able to interfere with apoptotic process in leukemic and normal bone marrow CD34+ cells. Since hematopoietic growth factors stimulate growth and differentiation and(More)
Ochratoxin A (OTA), a mycotoxin produced by Aspergillus ochraceus and other moulds, has recently received growing attention because of its carcinogenic, teratogenic and nephrotoxic properties in both humans and farm animals. Nevertheless, with regard to the mechanism of toxicity, the data in the literature are inconclusive. The aim of our work was to verify(More)
Silicon dioxide surfaces, both bulk and porous, were used to anchor the enzyme glucose oxidase. The immobilization protocol was optimized and the samples characterized using X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy, Energy Dispersive X-rays coupled to scanning electron microscopy and enzymatic activity measurements. We show that a uniform layer was obtained by(More)
The aim of this study is to verify whether there are deletions in mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and disorders in oxidative phosphorylation (Ox-phos) complexes in the pathogenesis of secondary Fanconi syndrome (FS). We studied 18 children with tumors who were previously treated with chemotherapy and were off therapy for at least 1 year. All the children had(More)
In the present study the influence of pretreatment with various GSH depletors such as buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) and diethylmaleate (DEM) was investigated in rats following cerebral postischemic reperfusion. Moreover, the effect of diethyldithiocarbamic acid (DDC), inhibitor of endogenous Cu,Zn-SOD, was evaluated. A significant depletion (40% of control(More)