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Higher levels of proinflammatory cytokines are found in Parkinson's disease (PD) patient's brains and inflammation is thought to be a major contributor to the neurodegeneration. During the inflammatory process, microglial release of proinflammatory cytokines act on the endothelium of blood-brain barrier (BBB) cells to stimulate upregulation of adhesion(More)
RANTES and related molecules, constitute the C-C class of chemokine supergene family and a group of cytokines produced by hematopoietic cells constitute the MCP-1 or C-X-C class. The roles of most of these chemokines are not well known, although members of the C-X-C family are inflammatory agents. Here, we report that intradermal injection of RANTES 10(More)
Inflammation plays a pathogenic role in the development of restenosis after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) is a potent chemoattractant of monocytes; however, its role in the pathophysiology of restenosis is still unclear. We set out to investigate the role of MCP-1 in restenosis after PTCA.(More)
Cerebral inflammation as well as systemic immunological alterations has been reported in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We aimed to determine whether spontaneous and mitogen stimulated production of peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) cytokines, chemokines and chemokine receptors in clinically diagnosed patients with AD were unregulated. PBMC were purified(More)
The increased pro-inflammatory cytokine production was previously observed in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We sought to explore whether acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AChEI) therapy ameliorates clinical symptoms in AD through down-regulation of inflammation. Expression and release of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1), a positive regulator of Th2(More)
Recent studies suggest the involvement of inflammatory mechanisms in the progression of atherosclerosis. Cysteinyl leukotrienes and cytokines could orchestrate this progression by acting on the proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). In cultures of rat VSMC, proliferation was modulated by cysteinyl leukotriene C4 (LTC4) and LTD4, but not LTE4.(More)
OBJECTIVE To test the ability of Bio-Oss in inducing growth factors and proinflammatory cytokines that may have a role in inflammation after grafting, bone resorption, remodeling and in the homeostasis of osteoblasts. MATERIAL AND METHODS Normal human osteoblasts were seeded in Petri dishes containing granules of Bio-Oss, cells were harvested after(More)
The identification of peripheral biomarkers for neurodegenerative diseases is required to improve the accuracy of clinical diagnosis and monitor both disease progression and response to treatments. The data reviewed in this paper suggest that, in neurodegenerative disease, cytokines are links between peripheral immune system and nervous system dysfunction.
Elevated levels of cytokines have been detected in brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients, and altered peripheral levels of IL-1beta, TNFalpha and IL-6 have been reported in these patients. We studied the ability of PBMC from patients with AD, matched with a control group, to release pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines, and the effect of AChEI(More)
BACKGROUND Proliferation and differentiation of keratinocytes are central processes in tissue regeneration after injury. Chemokines, produced by a wide range of cell types including keratinocytes, play a regulatory role in inflammatory skin diseases. Several studies have shown that an electromagnetic field (EMF) can influence both inflammatory processes and(More)