Marcella Potestio

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The deterioration of the immune system in ageing, 'immunosenescence', is thought to contribute to increased morbidity and mortality from infections and possibly autoimmune diseases and cancer. The most profound changes involve effector and immunoregulatory T-cell functions. Immunosenescence appears also to be related to changes in non specific immunity as(More)
Stimulation of T cells from aged individuals leads to different kinds and/or size of responses if compared with the responses of T cells obtained from young individuals. In fact elderly is associated with a progressive decline of immune response besides an increasing incidence of autoimmune phenomena. These differences might be the result of modified(More)
BACKGROUND In allergic rhinitis, mast cells, activated by cross-linking of allergen to mast cell-bound specific IgE, release both vasoactive mediators related to the early nasal symptoms and chemotactic mediators that attract inflammatory cells, such as eosinophils, related to the late-phase response. OBJECTIVE We have analyzed, during and out of pollen(More)
We have previously reported that T lymphocytes proliferating in vitro to the hapten trinitrochlorobenzene (TNCB) exhibit a very restricted V beta gene usage and response to TNCB is limited to T-cell receptors (TCR) composed of V beta 8.2 in combination with V alpha 3.2, V alpha 8 and V alpha 10. This paper investigates the role played by T lymphocytes(More)
The potential involvement of apoptosis in the pathogenesis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) was examined by studying spontaneous and Leishmania antigen (LAg)-induced apoptosis using cryopreserved peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of Sicilian patients with VL. Results indicate that monocytes and T lymphocytes from acute VL patients show a significantly(More)
In this paper, we provide a characterization of interim inefficiency<lb>in stochastic economies of overlapping generations under possibly sequentially<lb>incomplete markets. With respect to the established body of results in the<lb>literature, we remove the hypothesis of two-period horizons, by considering<lb>longer, though uniformly bounded, horizons for(More)
The factors influencing the pathogenesis of autoimmune disease are not fully known, but the host genotype undoubtedly plays a role in determining the outcome of these diseases. The role of the host's major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genotype in the regulation of susceptibility to autoimmune diseases has been extensively studied in different(More)
The diagnostic value for allergies of the low affinity IgE receptor and its soluble circulating fragment (sCD23) remains unclear. In particular, little is know about seasonal influences on serum sCD23 levels in subjects with pollen allergy. In the present study, to gain insight into pathophysiological role of sCD23, we have analyzed, in blood from patients(More)
Defects involving cellular expression of activation molecules, cell mediated immune response and natural killer (NK) activity are commonly observed in the elderly. Herein, data are reported on the evaluation of IL-12 production by old subjects. IL-12 is, actually, considered the key molecule for the induction of a T helper 1 (Th1) -type and NK response.(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment options for allergic rhinitis include antihistamines, decongestants, anticholinergics, cromolyn sodium and corticosteroids. As the nose is a small organ, comprising less than 1% of total body mass and surface area, it seems logical to confine treatment of rhinitis to the diseased organ. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of therapy(More)