Marcella Hermans

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BACKGROUND Biomarkers of stroke are an evolving field of clinical research. A serum marker which can differentiate between haemorrhagic and ischaemic stroke in the very early phase would help to optimise acute stroke management. OBJECTIVE To examine whether serum glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) identifies intracerebral haemorrhage (ICH) in acute(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The occurrence of intracranial aneurysms and of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage are influenced by genetic factors. Recent genomic studies in Japan have defined 3 chromosomal loci and 1 haplotype of elastin polymorphisms as important risk factors, both for affected sib pairs and sporadic patients. METHODS We have genotyped 2(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Thrombolysis of acute ischaemic stroke is based strictly on body weight to ensure efficacy and to prevent bleeding complications. Many candidate stroke patients are unable to communicate their body weight, and there is often neither the means nor the time to weigh the patient. Instead, weight is estimated visually by the attending(More)
The physiological variations of fibrinolytic activity (FA) in saliva were investigated in a population of 149 healthy volunteers including 12 pregnant women. An increase in FA could be observed with increasing age. Marked variations were observed during daytime with a peak value early in the morning. Higher FA values were observed in males as compared with(More)
Stroke-associated pneumonia is a frequent complication after stroke associated with poor outcome. Dysphagia is a known risk factor for stroke-associated pneumonia but accumulating evidence suggests that stroke induces an immunodepressive state increasing susceptibility for stroke-associated pneumonia. We aimed to confirm that stroke-induced immunodepression(More)
Die Diagnose einer Herpes-simplex-Virus- (HSV-)Enzephalitis beruht in der Akutphase auf der Trias eines typischen klinischen Syndroms (Prodromi, neuropsychologische Defizite, epileptische Anfälle), einem typischen Liquorbefund (lymphomonozytäre Pleozytose) sowie vermeintlich charakteristischen magnetresonanztomographischen Befunden (mesiotemporale(More)
BACKGROUND Lysyl oxidase is a promising candidate gene for a mutation search in intracranial aneurysm families because (a) it controls the processing, cross-linking and maturation of collagen and elastin fibers in the blood vessel wall, (b) its expression levels and activity are altered in different animal models of aneurysm pathogenesis, and (c) it is(More)
Diagnosis of herpes simplex encephalitis in the acute stage is based on clinical symptoms (nonspecific prodromi, neuropsychological deficits, epileptic seizures) in combination with typical CSF abnormalities (lymphomonozytic pleocytosis) and MR imaging abnormalities assumed to be typical for herpes simplex encephalitis (increased fluid-attenuated inversion(More)