We report that cryoablation of primary tumors synergizes with anti-CTLA-4 treatment to mediate rejection of secondary tumors in the TRAMP mouse model of prostate cancer. T cells, in particular CD8(+) T cells specific for the TRAMP antigen SPAS-1, were enriched in both secondary tumors and spleens of combination-treated mice.
IL-15 has potential as an immunotherapeutic agent for cancer treatment because it is a critical factor for the proliferation and activation of NK and CD8(+) T cells. However, monotherapy of patients with malignancy with IL-15 that has been initiated may not be optimal, because of the limited expression of the private receptor, IL-15Rα. We demonstrated… (More)