Marcella Coronnello

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1. Human and murine neuroblastoma cell lines were used to investigate, by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, the properties of a novel inward-rectifying K+ current (IIR) in the adjustment of cell resting potential (Vrest), which was in the range -40 to -20 mV. 2. When elicited from a holding potential of 0 mV, IIR was completely inactivated with time(More)
Two methotrexate-resistant sublines, CCRF-CEM R3/7 and CCRF-CEM R30/6, were selected from the human leukemia T-lymphoblast cell line, CCRF-CEM, after repeated exposures (7 and 6 times, respectively) for 24 h to constant concentrations (3 and 30 microM) of the drug. Analysis of the mechanism of resistance revealed no differences in levels of dihydrofolate(More)
As a continuation of our research on potent and efficacious P-gp-dependent multidrug resistance (MDR) reversers, several new N,N-bis(alkanol)amine aryl esters were designed and synthesized, varying the aromatic moieties or the length of the methylenic chain. The new compounds were tested on doxorubicin-resistant erythroleukemia K562 cells (K562/DOX) in the(More)
Dihydroartemisinin is one of the most potent anticancer artemisinin-like compounds, able to induce cancer cell death by apoptotic pathways. Besides its effectiveness, it is a poorly water soluble drug with low bioavailability and low half-life (34-90 min), therefore, the development of new formulations of dihydroartemisinin to increase bioavailability is in(More)
A new series of Pgp-dependent MDR inhibitors having a N,N-bis(cyclohexanol)amine scaffold was designed on the basis of the frozen analogue approach. The scaffold chosen gives origin to different geometrical isomers. The new compounds showed a wide range of potencies and efficacies on doxorubicin-resistant erythroleukemia K562 cells in the pirarubicin uptake(More)
As a continuation of a previous research, a series of N,N-bis(alkanol)amine aryl esters, as Pgp-dependent MDR inhibitors, was designed and synthesized. The aromatic ester portions are suitably modulated, and new aryl rings (Ar(1) and Ar(2)) were combined with trans-3-(3,4,5-trimethoxyphenyl)vinyl, 3,4,5-trimethoxybenzyl and anthracene moieties that were(More)
As a continuation of previous research on a new series of potent and efficacious P-gp-dependent multidrug resistant (MDR) reversers with a N,N-bis(cyclohexanol)amine scaffold, we have designed and synthesized several analogs by modulation of the two aromatic moieties linked through ester functions to the N,N-bis(cyclohexanol)amine, aiming to optimize(More)
The growth inhibitory effects of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) or 5-fluoro-2'-deoxyuridine (FdUrd) combined with 5-methyltetrahydrofolate (5-CH3-H4PteGlu) were determined, as a function of time, dose, and sequence of exposure, on human T-lymphoblast leukemia cells, CCRF-CEM. Synergistic inhibitory effects on cell growth were obtained when exponentially growing(More)
Gold(III) compounds generally exhibit significant cytotoxic effects on cancer cell lines and are of potential interest as antitumor drugs. We report here on the solution chemistry, the cytotoxicity, and the DNA binding properties of two new bipyridyl gold(III) compounds: [Au(bipy)(OH)(2)][PF(6)] (1) and the organometallic compound [Au(bipy(c)-H)(OH)][PF(6)](More)
We tested the effects of daily melatonin treatment on the growth of the ascites hepatoma in rats, determining survival time, cell number and cell cycle phases at various stages of tumor development. Melatonin inhibited cellular proliferation, doubled mean life-time and increased survival. Thymidine incorporation in hepatoma cells from treated rats decreased(More)