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The trans-acting activator of transcription (TAT) protein transduction domain (PTD) mediates the transduction of peptides and proteins into target cells. The TAT-PTD has an important potential as a tool for the delivery of therapeutic agents. The production of TAT fusion proteins in bacteria, however, is problematic because of protein insolubility and the(More)
The expression of cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes in human oesophageal mucosa was investigated in a total of 25 histologically non-neoplastic surgical tissue specimens by using specific antibodies in immunoblots and by RT-PCR mRNA analysis. The presence of CYP1A, 2E1, 3A and 4A enzymes was demonstrated by both techniques; CYP2A reactive protein was also(More)
p73, a member of the p53 family of proteins, transcriptionally activates a number of genes involved in the control of cell cycle and apoptosis. Overexpression of p73 was detected in a large number of primary head and neck cancers, and in the established cell lines examined, these all contained inactivating p53 mutations. The significance of p73(More)
Previous studies have shown early region 1A (E1A) gene to inhibit the proliferation of tumour cells with wild-type, but not mutant, p53. E1A has also been shown to downregulate c-erb-B-2/neu expression, resulting in inhibition of growth in c-erb-B-2/neu overexpressing tumour cells. In this study, we have investigated the effect of E1A expression on four(More)
A member of the p53 family, p73, has several isoforms and differentially regulates transcription of genes involved in the control of the cell cycle and apoptosis. We have previously shown efficient and p53-independent, tumor-specific cell death induced by the viral proteins E1A and Apoptin. Here, we demonstrate that the induction of apoptosis by these viral(More)
We have recently shown that E1A protein of human adenovirus downregulates epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) expression and induces apoptosis in head and neck (HNSCC) and lung cancer cells independently of their p53 status. E1A has five isoforms of which the major ones E1A12S and E1A13S regulate transcription of cellular genes by binding to(More)
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase is commonly overexpressed in human cancers; however, the cellular mechanisms regulating EGFR expression remain unclear. p53, p63 and p73 are transcription factors regulating many cellular targets involved in controlling the cell cycle and apoptosis. p53 activates EGFR expression, whereas TAp63(More)
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