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Tight junctions, the most apical of the intercellular junctions that connect individual cells in a epithelial sheet, are thought to form a seal that restricts paracellular and intramembrane diffusion. To analyze the functioning of tight junctions, we generated stable MDCK strain 2 cell lines expressing either full-length or COOH-terminally truncated chicken(More)
Extracellular Ca2+ triggers assembly and sealing of tight junctions (TJs) in MDCK cells. These events are modulated by G-proteins, phospholipase C, protein kinase C (PKC), and calmodulin. In the present work we observed that 1,2-dioctanoylglycerol (diC8) promotes the assembly of TJ in low extracellular Ca2+, as evidenced by translocation of the(More)
An epithelial cell line (MDCK) was used to prepare monolayers which, in vitro, develop properties of transporting epithelia. Monolayers were formed by plating cells at high densities (10(6) cells/cm2) on collagen-coated nylon cloth disks to saturate the area available for attachment, thus avoiding the need for cell division. An electrical resistance(More)
Upon transferring confluent monolayers of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells from a low-Ca2+ medium (1-5 microM) to one with 1.8 mM Ca2+ (Ca switch), tight junctions (TJs) assemble and seal, and transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) develops in 4-5 h, presumably through exocytotic fusion that incorporates junctional components to the surface(More)
Tight junctions form selective paracellular diffusion barriers that regulate the diffusion of solutes across epithelia and constitute intramembrane diffusion barriers that prevent the intermixing of apical and basolateral lipids in the extracytoplasmic leaflet of the plasma membrane. In MDCK cells, previous expression experiments demonstrated that occludin,(More)
The experimental opening and resealing of occluding junctions in monolayers of cultured MDCK cells (epithelioid of renal origin) was explored by measuring changes in the electrical resistance across the monolayer and by freeze-fracture electron microscopy. As in natural epithelia, the function of occluding junctions as permeability barriers specifically(More)
The tight junction (TJ) is not randomly located on the cell membrane, but occupies a precise position at the outermost edge of the intercellular space and, therefore, is itself considered a polarized structure. This article reviews the most common experimental approaches for studying this relationship. We then discuss three main topics. (a) The mechanisms(More)
The tight junction (TJ) was first noticed through its ability to control permeation across the paracellular route, but the homologies of its molecular components with peptides that participate in tumor suppression, nuclear addressing, and cell proliferation indicate that it may be involved in many other fundamental functions. TJs are formed by a dozen(More)
A prolonged ouabain blockade of the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase detaches cells from each other and from the substrate. This suggests the existence of a link between pump (P) and attachment (A). In the present work, we report that MDCK-W cells treated with ouabain increase tyrosine phosphorylation and content of active MAP kinase, redistribute molecules involved in(More)
Rho family GTPases are important regulators of epithelial tight junctions (TJs); however, little is known about how the GTPases themselves are controlled during TJ assembly and function. We have identified and cloned a canine guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF) of the Dbl family of proto-oncogenes that activates Rho and associates with TJs. Based on(More)