Marcelino Avilés-Trigueros

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UNLABELLED In adult Swiss albino and C57 pigmented mice, RGCs were identified with a retrogradely transported neuronal tracer applied to both optic nerves (ON) or superior colliculi (SCi). After histological processing, the retinas were prepared as whole-mounts, examined and photographed under a fluorescence microscope equipped with a motorized stage(More)
The fate of retinal ganglion cells after optic nerve injury has been thoroughly described in rat, but not in mice, despite the fact that this species is amply used as a model to study different experimental paradigms that affect retinal ganglion cell population. Here we have analyzed, quantitatively and topographically, the course of mice retinal ganglion(More)
In adult albino (SD) and pigmented (PVG) rats the entire population of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) was quantified and their spatial distribution analyzed using a computerized technique. RGCs were back-labelled from the optic nerves (ON) or the superior colliculi (SCi) with Fluorogold (FG). Numbers of RGCs labelled from the ON [SD: 82,818+/-3,949, n=27;(More)
Wallerian degeneration in the CNS and PNS consists of degradation and phagocytosis of axons and their myelin sheath distal to the site of injury. This process of degeneration, which requires an effective macrophage response, occurs rapidly in peripheral nerves but is slow in the CNS. Rapid Wallerian degeneration in peripheral nerves may contribute to(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the effects of laser photocoagulation (LP)-induced ocular hypertension (OHT) on the survival and retrograde axonal transport of retinal ganglion cells (RGC), as well as on the function of retinal layers. METHODS Adult albino Swiss mice (35-45 g) received laser photocoagulation of limbal and episcleral veins in the left eye. Mice(More)
Ocular hypertension (OHT) is the main risk factor of glaucoma, a neuropathy leading to blindness. Here we have investigated the effects of laser photocoagulation (LP)-induced OHT, on the survival and retrograde axonal transport (RAT) of adult rat retinal ganglion cells (RGC) from 1 to 12 wks. Active RAT was examined with fluorogold (FG) applied to both(More)
In adult rats, we have induced retinal ischemia and investigated anterogradely labeled surviving retinal ganglion cell (RGC) afferents to the contralateral superior colliculus (SC). The animals received topically in their left eyes two 5-microl drops of saline or saline-containing 0.5% brimonidine (BMD), 1 h before 90 min of retinal ischemia induced by(More)
The pattern of axonal regeneration, specificity of reinnervation, and terminal arborization in the brainstem by axotomized retinal ganglion cell axons was studied in rats with peripheral nerve grafts linking the retina with ipsilateral regions of the brainstem, including dorsal and lateral aspects of the diencephalon and lateral aspect of the superior(More)
Glaucoma, the second most common cause of blindness, is characterized by a progressive loss of retinal ganglion cells and their axons, with a concomitant loss of the visual field. Although the exact pathogenesis of glaucoma is not completely understood, a critical risk factor is the elevation, above normal values, of the intraocular pressure. Consequently,(More)
In adult albino mice the effects of increased intraocular pressure on the outer retina and its circuitry was investigated at intervals ranging 3-14 weeks. Ocular hypertension (OHT) was induced by cauterizing the vessels draining the anterior part of the mice eye, as recently reported (Salinas-Navarro et al., 2009a). Electroretinographic (ERG) responses were(More)