Marcelino Agúndez

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OBJECTIVE Treatment-resistant epilepsy (TRE) occurs in 20-30% of patients. The goal of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in this group of patients, including adult and pediatric populations and several off-label indications. METHODS This is a retrospective review of 59 consecutive patients in whom 60 VNS(More)
The detection of circumstellar water vapour around the ageing carbon star IRC +10216 challenged the current understanding of chemistry in old stars, because water was predicted to be almost absent in carbon-rich stars. Several explanations for the water were postulated, including the vaporization of icy bodies (comets or dwarf planets) in orbit around the(More)
In this paper we study the oxygen chemistry in the C-rich circumstellar shells of IRC+10216. The recent discoveries of oxygen bearing species (water, hydroxyl radical and formaldehyde) toward this source challenge our current understanding of the chemistry in C-rich circumstellar envelopes. The presence of icy comets surrounding the star or catalysis on(More)
INTRODUCTION Hirayama disease is a rare cervical myelopathy, predominantly affecting young males, which presents with distal atrophy of the upper limbs as its first and main symptom. It must be differentiated from motor neuron diseases because its natural history is different and because HD tends to stabilise in less than 5 years. Diagnosis is based on(More)
Aims. The J K = 1 0-0 0 rotational transition of phosphine (PH 3) at 267 GHz has been tentatively identified with a T MB ∼40 mK spectral line observed with the IRAM 30-m telescope in the C-star envelope IRC +10216. Methods. A radiative transfer model has been used to fit the observed line profile. Results. The derived PH 3 abundance relative to H 2 is 6 ×(More)
We report the detection of SiS rotational lines in high-vibrational states as well as SiO and SiC2 lines in their ground vibrational state toward IRC+10216 during the Atacama Large Millimeter Array Cycle 0. The spatial distribution of these molecules shows compact emission for SiS and a more extended emission for SiO and SiC2, and also proves the existence(More)
Cyanogen (NCCN) is the simplest member of the series of dicyanopolyynes. It has been hypothesized that this family of molecules can be important constituents of interstellar and circumstellar media, although the lack of a permanent electric dipole moment prevents its detection through radioastronomical techniques. Here we present the first solid evidence of(More)
Linear carbon chains are common in various types of astronomical molecular sources. Possible formation mechanisms involve both bottom-up and top-down routes. We have carried out a combined observational and modeling study of the formation of carbon chains in the C-star envelope IRC +10216, where the polymerization of acetylene and hydrogen cyanide induced(More)
AIMS Our knowledge of the chemical properties of the circumstellar ejecta of the most massive evolved stars is particularly poor. We aim to study the chemical characteristics of the prototypical yellow hypergiant star, IRC +10420. For this purpose, we obtained full line surveys at 1 and 3 mm atmospheric windows. METHODS We have identified 106 molecular(More)