Marcelino Álvarez

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Acute hepatic failure (AHF) is a severe liver injury accompanied by hepatic encephalopathy which causes multiorgan failure with an extremely high mortality rate, even if intensive care is provided. Management of severe AHF continues to be one of the most challenging problems in clinical medicine. Liver transplantation has been shown to be the most effective(More)
Management of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) continues to be one challenging problem, and experimental animal models resembling its clinical conditions are still needed. Rabbit hemorrhagic disease (RHD) fullfils many requirements of an animal model of FHF. This work investigated changes in MAPK, NF-kappaB, AP-1 and STAT pathways during RHD-induced liver(More)
In this study we sought to characterize a novel model of fulminant liver failure (FLF) by means of experimental infection of rabbits with the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). Thirty-seven 9-week-old rabbits were injected intramuscularly with 2 x 10(4) hemagglutination units of an RHDV isolate. Eighty-five percent of rabbits died 36 to 54 hours after(More)
This work was undertaken to investigate whether treatment with melatonin prevents oxidative stress and changes in the expression and activity of factor erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2)-mediated antioxidant enzymes in an animal model of fulminant hepatic failure of viral origin. Rabbits were experimentally infected with 2 x 10(4) hemagglutination units of(More)
Hepatocyte apoptosis plays an important role in the development of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). The objective of this study was to investigate the antiapoptotic effect of melatonin in an animal model of FHF of viral origin induced by the rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). Rabbits were experimentally infected with 2 × 10(4) hemagglutination units(More)
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of melatonin on the liver inflammatory and regenerative response in an animal model of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) of viral origin. Rabbits were experimentally infected with 2×10(4) hemagglutination units of a rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) isolate and received melatonin at two(More)
In this study we sought to determine whether molecular mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of fulminant hepatic failure are present in rabbits experimentally infected with rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV). The activities of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase, as well as bilirubin concentration, were(More)
The antiviral activity versus flaviviruses of artemisinin, a safe drug obtained from Artemisia annua and commonly used to treat malaria, has been investigated using as an IN VITRO model bovine epithelial cells from embryonic trachea (EBTr) infected with the cytopathic strain Oregon C24V, of bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV), which is a member of the(More)
Hepatocyte apoptosis plays an important role in the development of fulminant hepatic failure (FHF). The objective of this study was to investigate whether endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and unfolded protein response (UPR) inhibition is an underlying mechanism of melatonin anti-apoptotic effects in an animal model of FHF of viral origin induced by the(More)
Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus (RHDV) causes lethal fulminant hepatitis closely resembling acute liver failure (ALF) in humans. In this study, we investigated whether cardiotrophin-1 (CT-1), a cytokine with hepatoprotective properties, could attenuate liver damage and prolong survival in virus-induced ALF. Twenty-four rabbits were infected with 2 × 10(4)(More)