Marcela Simsova

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RATIONALE The development of tuberculin skin test (TST) positivity following infection by Mycobacterium tuberculosis is not invariable and may depend on bacillary as well as host factors. OBJECTIVES First, to compare the diagnostic performance of the TST and a form of in vitro IFN-gamma release assay (IFNGRA) in the circumstances of a contact(More)
Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase (CyaA) toxoid is a powerful nonreplicative immunization vector targeting dendritic cells, which has already been used successfully in prophylactic and therapeutic vaccination in various preclinical animal models. Here, we investigated the potential of CyaA, harboring strong mycobacterial immunogens, i.e., the(More)
The Bordetella adenylate cyclase toxoid (CyaA) targets cells expressing the αMβ2 integrin receptor CD11b/CD18 (CR3 or Mac-1) and can penetrate into cytosol of professional antigen-presenting cells, such as dendritic cells. This allows us to use CyaA for delivery of passenger antigens into the cytosolic pathway of processing and MHC class I-restricted(More)
The genetically detoxified Bordetella pertussis adenylate cyclase is a promising delivery system for immunodominant tuberculosis antigens in gamma interferon release assays. This system has not been evaluated in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons in high tuberculosis prevalence areas. A whole-blood gamma interferon release assay with(More)
TB10.4 is a newly identified antigen of Mycobacterium tuberculosis recognized by human and murine T cells upon mycobacterial infection. Here, we show that immunization with Mycobacterium bovis BCG induces a strong, genetically controlled, Th1 immune response against TB10.4 in mice. BALB/c and C57BL/6 strains behave as high and low responders to TB10.4(More)
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a significant threat to global health. Mycobacterium bovis BCG vaccine provides only partial protection, and the skin test reagent used to aid diagnosis of both active and latent tuberculosis, purified protein derivative (PPD), lacks specificity and sensitivity. The use of genetically detoxified Bordetella pertussis adenylate(More)
The adenylate cyclase toxoid (ACT) of Bordetella pertussis is capable of delivering its N-terminal catalytic domain into the cytosol of CD11b-expressing professional antigen-presenting cells such as myeloid dendritic cells. This allows delivery of CD8+ T-cell epitopes to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I presentation pathway. Recombinant(More)
The exponential increase in the incidence of tuberculosis in cattle over the last two decades in the British national herd constitutes a significant economic problem. Therefore, research efforts are under way to develop cattle tuberculosis vaccines and specific diagnostic reagents to allow the distinction of vaccinated from infected animals. Mycobacterial(More)
Bordetella pertussis secretes an adenylate cyclase toxin (CyaA or ACT) that targets primarily cells expressing the alphaMbeta2 integrin (CD11b/CD18) receptor. This toxin can deliver its N-terminal catalytic AC domain (400 amino acid residues) into the cytosol directly across the cytoplasmic membrane. Various heterologous CD8+, as well as CD4+ T-cell(More)
Calreticulin, upon translocation to the cell surface, plays a critical role in the recognition of tumour cells and in experimentally induced cellular anti-tumour immunity. However, less is known about anti-calreticulin antibodies and their role in malignancies. Using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), we found immunoglobulin (Ig)A and/or IgG(More)