Marcela María Martinez

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The aim of this study was to investigate the epidemiological relationships of clinical and environmental isolates of the Cryptococcus neoformans species complex in Colombia. The current study reflects data from 1987 to 2004. In Colombia serotypes A and B are most frequently recovered from patients and the environment. Of the 178 clinical isolates studied,(More)
Brucella abortus needs to synthesize haem in order to replicate intracellularly and to produce virulence in mice. Thus, to gain insight into the pathogenesis of the bacterium, regulatory proteins of the haem biosynthetic pathway were sought. An iron response regulator (Irr) from Bradyrhizobium japonicum, which is a close relative of Brucella, was previously(More)
Brucella abortus faces iron deprivation in both nature and the host. To overcome this limitation, Brucella secretes the siderophores 2,3-dihydroxybenzoic acid and brucebactin. A Fur-like protein named Irr has previously been characterized in B. abortus; this protein is present in the alpha-2 group of Proteobacteria only, where it negatively regulates haem(More)
Malpighia glabra L, popularly known as acerola, is considered a functional fruit and therefore is taken to prevent disease or as adjuvant to treatment strategies, since the fruit is an undeniable source of vitamin C, carotenoids, and flavonoids. Acerola is a natural source of vitamin C, flavonoids, and carotenoids. Its chemical composition is affected by(More)
Few studies have been undertaken on the relationship of the structure of flavones and neuroprotection. Previously, we described the structural determinants of the neuroprotective activity of some natural flavones in cerebellar granule neurons in culture against an oxidative insult (H2O2). In the present work, we analyzed anti-oxidant activity, cellular(More)
Lead (Pb) alters the susceptibility to different pathogens suggesting that macrophage-mediated defense mechanisms, through activation of toll-like receptors (TLRs), may be affected by Pb. The aim of this study was to test whether activation of TLR4 is a targeted molecule to the effect of environmentally relevant Pb concentrations (0.05, 0.5 and 5μg/dL). The(More)
Herbaspirillum seropedicae Z67 is a diazotrophic endophyte able to colonize the interior of many economically relevant crops such as rice, wheat, corn and sorghum. Structures of siderophores produced by bacterial endophytes have not yet been elucidated. The aim of this work was to identify and characterize the siderophores produced by this bacterium. In a(More)
Quercetin is a ubiquitous flavonoid present in beverages, food and plants that has been demonstrated to have a role in the prevention of neurodegenerative and cerebrovascular diseases. In neuronal culture, quercetin increases survival against oxidative insults. Antioxidation appears to be a necessary but not sufficient condition for its neuroprotective(More)
Genotoxic and antigenotoxic effects of acerola fruit at two stages of ripeness were investigated using mice blood cells. The results show that no ripeness stage of acerola extracts presented any genotoxic potential to damage DNA (Comet assay) or cytotoxicity (MTT assay). When antigenotoxic activity was analyzed, unripe fruit presented higher DNA protection(More)
Rumen microbiota provides an important source of protein to grazing animals and produces volatile fatty acids (VFA), the main energy source for ruminants generated by fibre fermentation. Probiotics can be used to modulate rumen fermentation, and native microbiota is a source of potentially useful microorganisms. In this work, ruminal bacterial strains were(More)