Marcela Kopacova

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La pneumatose kystique est un état gastro-intestinal rare caractérisé par la présence de gaz dans la paroi intestinale, principalement dans celle de l’intestin grêle ou du côlon. Ce phénomène apparaît sous trois formes différentes : 1) la pneumatose kystique primaire ; 2) la forme secondaire qui accompagne un grand nombre de maladies gastrointestinales et(More)
BACKGROUND Prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection has been estimated to range from 60 to 95% in the former communist countries of Central and Eastern Europe. The aim of this study was to evaluate H. pylori infection prevalence in a representative sample of the Czech population. The second objective was to describe difference of H. pylori prevalence(More)
Human intestinal microbiota create a complex polymicrobial ecology. This is characterised by its high population density, wide diversity and complexity of interaction. Any dysbalance of this complex intestinal microbiome, both qualitative and quantitative, might have serious health consequence for a macro-organism, including small intestinal bacterial(More)
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is an inherited, autosomal dominant disorder distinguished by hamartomatous polyps in the gastrointestinal tract and pigmented mucocutaneous lesions. Prevalence of PJS is estimated from 1 in 8300 to 1 in 280,000 individuals. PJS predisposes sufferers to various malignancies (gastrointestinal, pancreatic, lung, breast, uterine,(More)
In the era of double balloon enteroscopy, capsule endoscopy, CT, and MRI enterography is transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS) underestimated method for evaluation of small bowel pathology. As often initial imagine method in abdominal complaints, nowadays has TUS much better diagnostic potential than two decades ago. High-resolution ultrasound probes with(More)
BACKGROUND Double-balloon enterocopy (DBE) is still under evaluation, including its yield and safety aspects. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to consider the relationship between DBE and hyperamylasemia. DESIGN Single-center prospective study. SETTING Tertiary referral hospital, conducted from March to October 2006. PATIENTS Thirty-five oral DBEs were(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS Intraoperative enteroscopy is an invasive technique for small bowel investigation. It enables us to investigate the entire small intestine and to treat pathological findings by endoscopic or surgical means at the same time. The investigation is invasive and that is why the proper indication is mandatory. RESULTS Forty-one(More)
Biodegradable stents, which are made of various synthetic polymers, such as polylactide or polyglycolide, or co-polymers, such as polydioxanone, can be used for the treatment of benign refractory stenoses of the gastrointestinal tract. Here we report 11 patients (median age 41) with stenosing Crohn's disease of the small and/or large intestine. Endoscopic(More)
AIM To study possible decrease in prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection in the Czech Republic within a 10-year period. METHODS A total of 22 centres entered the study. The catchment areas of these centres covered cities and towns with more than 20,000 inhabitants, smaller towns (≤ 20,000 inhabitants) with surrounding villages and rural(More)
This report presents a survey of current knowledge concerning one of the relatively frequent and severe complications of liver cirrhosis and associated ascites-spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Epidemiology, aetiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestation, diagnosis and present possibilities of treatment are discussed.