Learn More
In a collection of 66 Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium strains isolated between 1984 and 2002 in the Czech Republic, genes coding for antibiotic resistance were determined by using specific PCRs. We found that the pentadrug-resistant ACSSuT clone first appeared in the Czech Republic in 1990. A new variant of the aadA gene designated aadA21 is(More)
Bacterial retron reverse transcriptases are unusual enzymes which utilise the same RNA molecule as a template and also as a primer for initiation of the reverse transcription. Except for their relatively frequent presence in Myxococcus spp., they are considered as quite rare proteins. However, in this study we proved that retron reverse transcriptase is(More)
Poultry meat is the most common protein source of animal origin for humans. However, intensive breeding of animals in confined spaces has led to poultry colonisation by microbiota with a zoonotic potential or encoding antibiotic resistances. In this study we were therefore interested in the prevalence of selected antibiotic resistance genes and microbiota(More)
In this study we characterised the development of caecal microbiota in egg laying hens over their commercial production lifespan, from the day of hatching until 60 weeks of age. Using pyrosequencing of V3/V4 variable regions of 16S rRNA genes for microbiota characterisation, we were able to define 4 different stages of caecal microbiota development. The(More)
In commercial poultry production, there is a lack of natural flora providers since chickens are hatched in the clean environment of a hatchery. Events occurring soon after hatching are therefore of particular importance, and that is why we were interested in the development of the gut microbial community, the immune response to natural microbial(More)
In order to design a new Salmonella enterica vaccine, one needs to understand how naive and immune chickens interact differently when exposed to S. enterica. In this study we therefore determined the immune response of vaccinated and non-vaccinated chickens after intravenous infection with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis). Using flow(More)
BACKGROUND Infection of newly hatched chicks with Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. Enteritidis) results in an inflammatory response in the intestinal tract which may influence the composition of gut microbiota. In this study we were therefore interested whether S. Enteritidis induced inflammation results in changes in the cecal microbiota. To(More)
Terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism and quantitative PCR showed that the cecal microbiota of chicks up to the age of 21 days was dominated by representatives of the orders Enterobacteriales, Clostridiales, and Lactobacillales. Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis infection caused the greatest changes in the gut microbiota when 1-day-old(More)
Computer-assisted restriction endonuclease analysis of plasmid DNA in field strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Enteritidis (S. enteritidis) is described. The procedure consists of plasmid DNA purification, its digestion with restriction endonuclease TaqI, electrophoresis, charge-coupled device camera scanning of the gels, and an analysis of the(More)
Using DNA hybridization, at least three distinct groups of low molecular mass plasmids were identified in Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Enteritidis. After sequencing representative plasmids from each group, we concluded that they belonged to ColE1, ColE2, and rolling-circle-like replicating plasmids. Plasmid pK (4245 bp) is a representative of(More)