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OBJECTIVE To describe the phenotype of adult patients with variant and classic ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T), to raise the degree of clinical suspicion for the diagnosis variant A-T, and to assess a genotype-phenotype relationship for mutations in the ATM gene. METHODS Retrospective analysis of the clinical characteristics and course of disease in 13 adult(More)
Pro- and antiinflammatory cytokines and mediators were measured in 39 patients with acute life-threatening meningococcal infections classified into 3 groups: A, meningitis without shock (n = 20); B, meningitis with shock (n = 9); and C, shock without meningitis (n = 10). The plasma concentrations of proinflammatory endotoxin, tumor necrosis factor-alpha(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the usefulness of Gram staining and culture of skin lesions in patients with acute meningococcal infections. DESIGN Retrospective study. SETTING Community hospital and intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. SUBJECTS 51 patients admitted from 1989 to 1993 with proved meningococcal infections and microbiological examination(More)
In 39 patients with acute meningococcal infections, the plasma concentrations of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and its soluble receptors (sRs) TNFsR-p55 and TNFsR-p75 were measured from admission till recovery. At admission, patients with shock had significantly higher TNF, TNFsR-p55, and TNFsR-p75 values than patients without shock. In addition, during(More)
Thirteen classical ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) patients, varying in age from 1 to 25 years, were studied clinically, electrophysiologically as well as by muscle ultrasound to chart the development and spectrum of neuromuscular abnormalities in A-T. The most prominent finding was a progressive axonal sensorimotor polyneuropathy, apparent by electromyography(More)
Ataxia-telangiectasia (A-T) is classically characterized by progressive neurodegeneration, oculocutaneous telangiectasia, immunodeficiency and elevated α-fetoprotein levels. Some patients, classified as variant A-T, exhibit a milder clinical course. In the latter patients extrapyramidal symptoms, instead of cerebellar ataxia, tend to be the dominating(More)
BACKGROUND Immunodeficiency, centromeric instability and facial dysmorphism (ICF syndrome) is a rare autosomal recessive disease characterised by facial dysmorphism, immunoglobulin deficiency and branching of chromosomes 1, 9 and 16 after PHA stimulation of lymphocytes. Hypomethylation of DNA of a small fraction of the genome is an unusual feature of ICF(More)
To determine the relative contribution of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and non-LPS components of Neisseria meningitidis to the pathogenesis of meningococcal sepsis, this study quantitatively compared cytokine induction by isolated LPS, wild-type serogroup B meningococci (strain H44/76), and LPS-deficient mutant meningococci (strain H44/76[pLAK33]). Stimulation(More)
The complement system plays an important role in the initial defense against Neisseria meningitidis. In contrast, uncontrolled activation in meningococcal sepsis contributes to the development of tissue damage and shock. In a novel human whole blood model of meningococcal sepsis, we studied the effect of complement inhibition on inflammation and bacterial(More)