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The human multidrug resistance proteins MRP4 and MRP5 are organic anion transporters that have the unusual ability to transport cyclic nucleotides and some nucleoside monophosphate analogs. Base and nucleoside analogs used in the chemotherapy of cancer and viral infections are potential substrates. To assess the possible contribution of MRP4 and MRP5 to(More)
Prostaglandins are involved in a wide variety of physiological and pathophysiological processes, but the mechanism of prostaglandin release from cells is not completely understood. Although poorly membrane permeable, prostaglandins are believed to exit cells by passive diffusion. We have investigated the interaction between prostaglandins and members of the(More)
Members of the multidrug resistance protein family, notably MRP1-4/ABCC1-4, and the breast cancer resistance protein BCRP/ABCG2 have been recognized as cellular exporters for the folate antagonist methotrexate (MTX). Here we show that MRP5/ABCC5 is also an antifolate and folate exporter based on the following evidence: (a) Using membrane vesicles from(More)
The multidrug resistance protein (MRP) family consists of several members and, for some of these transporter proteins, distinct roles in multidrug resistance and normal tissue functions have been well established (MRP1 and MRP2) or are still under investigation (MRP3). MRP3 expression studies in human tissues have been largely restricted to the mRNA level.(More)
The human and murine genes for MRP9 (multidrug resistance-associated protein 9; ABCC12) yield many alternatively spliced RNAs. Using a panel of monoclonal antibodies, we detected full-length Mrp9 only in testicular germ cells and mouse sperm; we obtained no evidence for the existence of the truncated 100 kDa MRP9 protein reported previously. In contrast(More)
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by progressive ectopic mineralization of the skin, eyes, and arteries, for which no effective treatment exists. PXE is caused by inactivating mutations in the gene encoding ATP-binding cassette sub-family C member 6 (ABCC6), an ATP-dependent efflux transporter present mainly in(More)
The ATP-binding cassette (ABC) genes encode the largest family of transmembrane proteins. ABC transporters translocate a wide variety of substrates across membranes, but their physiological function is often incompletely understood. We describe a new method to study the substrate spectrum of ABC transporters: We incubate extracts of mouse urine with(More)
We have studied the potential contribution of ABCG2 (breast cancer resistance protein) to resistance to nucleoside analogues. In cells transfected with DNA constructs resulting in overexpression of human or mouse ABCG2, we found resistance against cladribine, clofarabine, fludarabine, 6-mercaptopurine, and 6-mercaptopurine riboside in both MDCKII and HEK293(More)
Chromatin governs gene regulation and genome maintenance, yet a substantial fraction of the chromatin proteome is still unexplored. Moreover, a global model of the chromatin protein network is lacking. By screening >100 candidates we identify 42 Drosophila proteins that were not previously associated with chromatin, which all display specific genomic(More)
cGMP secretion from cells can be mediated by ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters ABCC4, ABCC5, and ABCC11. Indirect evidence suggests that ABCC4 and ABCC5 contribute to cGMP transport by erythrocytes. We have re-investigated the issue using erythrocytes from wild-type and transporter knockout mice. Murine wild-type erythrocyte vesicles transported cGMP(More)