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The Wnt family of secreted molecules functions in cell-fate determination and morphogenesis during development in both vertebrates and invertebrates (reviewed in ref. 1). Drosophila Wingless is a founding member of this family, and many components of its signal transduction cascade have been identified, including the Frizzled class of receptor. But the(More)
We report on the generation and phenotype of mutant alleles of multiple edematous wings (mew), the gene encoding the alpha PS1 subunit of the PS1 integrin of Drosophila. None of the six alleles examined makes detectable protein, and one allele results from a chromosome break near the middle of the translated sequence, so we are confident that we have(More)
We have expressed Drosophila position-specific (PS) integrins on the surfaces of Schneider S2 cells and tested for adhesion and spreading on various matrix molecules. We report that PS1 integrin is a laminin receptor and that PS1 and PS2 integrins promote cell spreading on two different Drosophila extracellular matrix molecules, laminin and tiggrin,(More)
Experiments with the insect ectoderm have suggested that planar polarity in epithelia results from the local orientation of cells to the slope of a gradient of positional information. Here we show that planar polarity in the Drosophila eye is inverted when the morphogenetic wave that sweeps through the presumptive retinal epithelium is induced to move in(More)
During animal development, Wnt/Wingless (Wg) signaling is required for the patterning of multiple tissues. While insufficient signal transduction is detrimental to normal development, ectopic activation of the pathway can be just as devastating. Thus, numerous controls exist to precisely regulate Wg signaling levels. Endocytic trafficking of pathway(More)
The Drosophila position-specific integrins (PS integrins or PS antigens) comprise two heterodimeric complexes, alpha PS1 beta PS and alpha PS2 beta PS. With the cloning of alpha PS1 described here, we complete the characterization of the primary structure of the three PS integrin subunits. We have purified the alpha PS1 subunit, obtained peptide sequence(More)
The Drosophila retina is made from hundreds of asymmetric subunit ommatidia arranged in a crystalline-like array with each unit shaped and oriented in a precise way. One explanation for the precise cellular arrangements and orientations of the ommatidia is that they respond to two axes of polarized information present in the plane of the retinal epithelium.(More)
  • E Piddini, F Marshall, L Dubois, E Hirst, J.-P Vincent, J Lippincott-Schwartz +28 others
  • 2009
these in vivo conditions, Wg made a short-range gradient with l = 5.8 ± 2.04 mm (Figs. 3I and 4A). Which kinetic parameter could account for this difference? Because Dpp and Wg have inherently different properties—Wg is a lipid-modified molecule (20); Dpp is not (21)—they are likely to display different mechanisms and kinetics of spreading through the(More)
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