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Epithelial cells contain apical and basolateral surfaces with distinct compositions. Sorting of certain proteins to the basolateral surface involves the epithelial-specific mu 1b clathrin adaptor subunit. Recent results have shown that targeting to the basolateral surface utilizes the exocyst, whereas traffic to the apical surface uses syntaxin 3.(More)
Brugada Syndrome (BrS) is a familial disease associated with sudden cardiac death. A 20%-25% of BrS patients carry genetic defects that cause loss-of-function of the voltage-gated cardiac sodium channel. Thus, 70%-75% of patients remain without a genetic diagnosis. In this work, we identified a novel missense mutation (p.Asp211Gly) in the sodium β2 subunit(More)
Epithelial cells have separate apical and basolateral plasma membrane domains with distinct compositions. After delivery to one surface, proteins can be endocytosed and then recycled, degraded or transcytosed to the opposite surface. Proper sorting into the transcytotic pathway is essential for maintaining polarity, as most proteins are endocytosed many(More)
Transcytosis of polymeric immunoglobulin A (pIgA) across epithelial cells is mediated by the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR). Binding of pIgA to pIgR stimulates transcytosis of the pIgA-pIgR complex via a signal transduction pathway that is dependent on a protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) of the SRC family. Here we identify the PTK as p62yes. We(More)
Polymeric immunoglobulin A (pIgA) transcytosis, mediated by the polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIgR), is a central component of mucosal immunity and a model for regulation of polarized epithelial membrane traffic. Binding of pIgA to pIgR stimulates transcytosis in a process requiring Yes, a Src family tyrosine kinase (SFK). We show that Yes directly(More)
We previously have isolated an endosomal fraction from rat liver, termed receptor-recycling compartment (RRC), which is highly enriched in recycling receptors and in the transcytotic polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR). We now have analyzed the RRC fraction by immunoisolation and found that no uniquely transcytotic elements were present, because recycling(More)
A large body of evidence supports the hypothesis that proteasomal degradation of the growth suppressor p27(Kip1) (p27) facilitates mammalian cell cycle progression. However, very few studies have addressed the possibility of proteasome-independent mechanisms of p27 proteolysis. Here we provide evidence for a novel pathway of p27 degradation via the lysosome(More)
Retromer is an evolutionary conserved protein complex required for endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of lysosomal hydrolases' receptors. A dimer of two sorting nexins-typically, SNX1 and/or SNX2-deforms the membrane and thus cooperates with retromer to ensure cargo sorting. Research in various model organisms indicates that retromer participates in sorting of(More)
β-Amyloid (Aβ) peptides are generated from the successive proteolytic processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP) by the β-APP cleaving enzyme (BACE or β-secretase) and the γ-secretase complex. Initial cleavage of APP by BACE leads into the amyloidogenic pathway, causing or exacerbating Alzheimer's disease. Therefore, their intracellular traffic can(More)
Remnants of triglyceride-rich lipoproteins containing apolipoprotein (apo) B-48 accumulate in apo E-deficient mice, causing pronounced hypercholesterolemia. Mice doubly deficient in apo E and hepatic lipase have more pronounced hypercholesterolemia, even though remnants do not accumulate appreciably in mice deficient in hepatic lipase alone. Here we show(More)