Marcel P. Conrad

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A vital, nucleic acid stain (LDS-751) was used to discriminate intact from damaged cells in a flow cytometer even after the samples had been fixed with paraformaldehyde. Three major cell populations with different fluorescence properties with LDS-751 were found in the fixed samples. Cells not staining or only dimly staining with LDS-751 were identified as(More)
A crucial factor in the success of positional cloning efforts is the ability to screen rapidly many different candidate genes for mutations. By modifying standard software, we have improved the detection of heterozygous base positions in PCR products sequenced by cycle sequencing. A key element of the method is the incorporation of a modified heterozygote(More)
We describe a method for direct cycle sequencing of PCR fragments amplified from genomic DNA or cDNA. DNA sequencing template is amplified using PCR and oligonucleotide primers flanking the region of interest. The amplified fragment is directly cycle sequenced using fluorescent sequencing primers, Sanger dideoxy sequencing chemistry and an enzyme mixture of(More)
Claudins are the main determinants of barrier properties of the tight junction. Many claudins have been shown to act by tightening the paracellular pathway, but several function as paracellular channels. While some depend on the endogenous claudin background of the analyzed cell line, for other claudins, a distinct charge-selectivity has been shown. This(More)
Barrier properties of tight junctions are determined by the claudin protein family. Many claudins seal this barrier, but others form paracellular channels. Among these, no claudins with general and clear-cut anion selectivity have yet been described, while for claudin-10a and claudin-4, only circumstantial or small anion selectivities have been shown. A(More)
Claudin-17 is a paracellular channel-forming tight junction protein. Unlike the cation channels claudin-2 and -15, claudin-17 forms a distinct anion-selective channel. Aim of this study was to determine the molecular basis of channel formation and charge selectivity of this protein. To achieve this, residues located in the extracellular loops (ECL) 1 and 2(More)
The water wire hypothesis of hydrogen-ion transport in lipid bilayers has prompted a search for water aggregates in bulk hydrocarbons. The asymmetric stretching vibration of the water dissolved in n-decane and in a number of other alkanes and alkenes has been observed. The water band in the alkanes is very wide and fits to the results of a J-diffusion(More)
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