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BACKGROUND Mutations in EFTUD2 were proven to cause a very distinct mandibulofacial dysostosis type Guion-Almeida (MFDGA, OMIM #610536). Recently, gross deletions and mutations in EFTUD2 were determined to cause syndromic esophageal atresia (EA), as well. We set forth to find further conditions caused by mutations in the EFTUD2 gene (OMIM *603892). (More)
Small non-coding RNAs, in particular microRNAs(miRNAs), regulate fine-tuning of gene expression and can act as oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes. Differential miRNA expression has been reported to be of functional relevance for tumor biology. Using next-generation sequencing, the unbiased and absolute quantification of the small RNA transcriptome is now(More)
Clustering objects according to given similarity or distance values is a ubiquitous problem in computational biology with diverse applications, e.g., in defining families of orthologous genes, or in the analysis of microarray experiments. While there exists a plenitude of methods, many of them produce clusterings that can be further improved. "Cleaning up"(More)
Elevated sequencing error rates are the most predominant obstacle in single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) detection, which is a major goal in the bulk of current studies using next-generation sequencing (NGS). Beyond routinely handled generic sources of errors, certain base calling errors relate to specific sequence patterns. Statistically principled ways(More)
Recent advances in sequencing technology have created unprecedented opportunities for biological research. However, the increasing throughput of these technologies has created many challenges for data management and analysis. As the demand for sophisticated analyses increases, the development time of software and algorithms is outpacing the speed of(More)
A concern on the level of anatomy knowledge reached after a problem-based learning curriculum has been documented in the literature. Spatial anatomy, arguably the highest level in anatomy knowledge, has been related to spatial abilities. Our first objective was to test the hypothesis that residents are interested in a course of applied anatomy after a(More)
UNLABELLED We introduce Decomp, a tool that computes the sum formula of all molecules whose mass equals the input mass. This problem arises frequently in biochemistry and mass spectrometry (MS), when we know the molecular mass of a protein, DNA or metabolite fragment but have no other information. A closely related problem is known as the Money Changing(More)
Nager syndrome (MIM #154400) is the best-known preaxial acrofacial dysostosis, mainly characterized by craniofacial and preaxial limb anomalies. The craniofacial abnormalities mainly consist of downslanting palpebral fissures, malar hypoplasia, micrognathia, external ear anomalies, and cleft palate. The preaxial limb defects are characterized by radial and(More)