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The objective of this study was to provide a basis for effectively protecting nonsmokers from acute sensory impacts and for preventing deterioration of indoor air quality caused by environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) emissions. With an olfactory experiment we determined odor detection thresholds (OT) of sidestream ETS (sETS), and with a full-body exposure(More)
Among 17 homes in Switzerland, the relationship between indoor and outdoor levels for particulate matter less than 10 microns (PM10), particulate matter less than 2.5 microns (PM2.5) and NO2 was investigated. In 10 homes, the inhabitants also participated in conducting personal measurements. All homes were naturally ventilated. In homes without any indoor(More)
Is it rational to reduce criminal activities if punishments are increased? While intuition might suggest so, game theory concludes differently. From the game theoretical perspective, inspectors anticipate the effect of increased punishments on criminal behavior and reduce their inspection activities accordingly. This implies that higher punishments reduce(More)
Indoor air quality measurements were carried out during three concerts and one ice hockey game in three different halls. Gas phase components consisted of CO2, CO, and NO whereas for particulate indicators, measurements of particle mass distributions (0.05-9 microm), particle number distributions (0.75-10 microm), and particle bound polycyclic aromatic(More)
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