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A cladistic analysis of Aristotle's animal groups in the Historia animalium.
There exists a fairly consistent underlying classification in the zoological works of Aristotle, and the peculiarities of Aristotle's character basis are discussed and the dendrogram is compared with a current phylogenetic tree.
Metaphors as models: Towards a typology of metaphor in ancient science
- Marcel Humar
- EducationHistory and philosophy of the life sciences
- 18 August 2021
A typology of metaphor in ancient science is suggested to fill this terminological gap by using concepts applied to the classification of models in science, as coined by Rom Harré.
Phylogenetic Signal in Characters from Aristotle’s History of Animals
This study suggests that even though taxonomy was clearly not Aristotle’s chief interest in Historia animalium, it was probably among his secondary interests, and may pave the way for further taxonomic studies in Aristotle's zoological writings in general.
Phylogenetic signal in characters from Aristotle’s History of Animals
The influential Greek philosopher Aristotle (384-322 BCE) is almost unanimously acclaimed as the founder of zoology. There is a consensus that he was interested in attributes of animals, but whether…
Aristotle's lobster: the image in the text
This study applies the method of the comparative view to provide an access to and reconstruction of Aristotle's lost illustrations based on his textual descriptions of species, and concludes that this kind of a text-based image reconstruction is only possible if the object described by Aristotle is unambiguously identifiable and still visually accessible.