Marcel Hoffman

Learn More
Thrombosis and disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) are common complications of infections. Abnormal activation of coagulation is due in part of expression of tissue factor on intravascular cells in response to cytokines, including interleukin-1 beta (IL1 beta ) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF). Both TNF and IL1 beta are thought to play significant(More)
IL-1 and TNF both are reported to increase host antibacterial resistance. To directly compare their effects on tissue phagocyte accumulation and antibacterial activity, we infused recombinant human IL-1 alpha and TNF-alpha into C3H/HeJ mice. Although IL-1, at a dose of 1 microgram/day, did not significantly elevate blood neutrophil concentrations, it(More)
The processing of inflammatory signals occurs through a variety of mechanisms; the recent descriptions of the tethered ligand receptor for thrombin (JA Hoxie et al., J Biol Chem 268:13756, and TK Vu et al., Cell 64:1057) provide a novel route and mechanism for cellular activation after inflammation and thrombosis. Using standard flow-cytometric techniques,(More)
3-[3-(Piperidinomethyl)phenoxy]alkyl, N-cyano-N'-[omega-[3-(1-piperidinylmethyl)phenoxy]alkyl]guanidine and 2-(5-methyl-4-imidazolyl)methyl thioethyl derivatives containing fluorescent functionalities were synthesized and the histamine H2 receptor affinity was evaluated using the H2 antagonist [125I]-aminopotentidine. The compounds exhibited weak to potent(More)
Improgan, a chemical congener of the H(2) antagonist cimetidine, induces antinociception following intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration in rodents, but the mechanism of action of this compound remains unknown. Because the chemical structure of improgan closely resembles those of histamine and certain histamine blockers, and because neuronal(More)
We have shown in previous reports that human placental supernatants (HPS) display a variety of immunoregulatory properties in vitro. Here we report that these supernatants are able to suppress the ability of murine splenocytes to evoke an allogeneic reaction in the popliteal lymph node (PLN) assay, as well as their capacity to induce both local (popliteal(More)
Alpha-2-Macroglobulin (alpha 2M) is a major plasma proteinase inhibitor. It can also regulate the function of cells of the immune system, including macrophage expression of Ia antigens in tissue culture systems. The present work was done to assess the effect of alpha 2M-trypsin complexes (alpha 2M-t) on macrophage Ia expression in vivo. Bacillus(More)
Helicobacter is a common intestinal pathogen of most laboratory mice from both commercial and academic sources worldwide. Not previously thought to have an effect, recent evidence indicates Helicobacter infection alters cytokine, chemokine, and gene expression in the stomach, intestine, and colon. Though the in vivo cell types responsible for these changes(More)
The transfer of cells from allopregnant animals to syngeneic receivers allografted with paternal strain tumor leads to mild but significant enhancement. The effect can be defined as T cell mediated. Cells from allopregnant animals can suppress a mixed lymphocyte reaction (MLR) of maternal responders against paternal stimulators. The effect relies upon a THY(More)