Marcel H Fens

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Angiogenesis is a key process in the growth and metastasis of a tumor. Disrupting this process is considered a promising treatment strategy. Therefore, a drug delivery system specifically aiming at angiogenic tumor endothelial cells was developed. Alpha v beta 3-integrins are overexpressed on actively proliferating endothelium and represent a possible(More)
Diabetic retinopathy is a secondary complication of hyperglycemia caused by diabetes mellitus. The damage to the retina can ultimately cause vision loss as a result of increased capillary permeability and angiogenesis. Recent progress in the understanding of the mediators that drive angiogenesis, as well as the phenotypes of cells that are involved in this(More)
The preparation, release and in vitro cytotoxicity of a novel polymeric micellar formulation of paclitaxel (PTX) were investigated. The micelles consisted of an AB block copolymer of poly(N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide lactate) and poly(ethylene glycol) (pHPMAmDL-b-PEG). Taking advantage of the thermosensitivity of pHPMAmDL-b-PEG, the loading was done(More)
Colchicinoids are very potent tubulin-binding compounds, which interfere with microtubule formation, giving them strong cytotoxic properties, such as cell mitosis inhibition and induction of microcytoskeleton depolymerization. While this makes them promising vascular disrupting agents (VDAs) in cancer therapy, their dose-limiting toxicity has prevented any(More)
A mouse model with compromised mitochondrial fatty acid synthesis has been engineered in order to assess the role of this pathway in mitochondrial function and overall health. Reduction in the expression of mitochondrial malonyl CoA-acyl carrier protein transacylase, a key enzyme in the pathway encoded by the nuclear Mcat gene, was achieved to varying(More)
Angiogenesis, the sprouting of new blood vessels from the pre-existing vasculature, is a well established target in anti-cancer therapy. It is thought that the Rho GTPase Rac1 is required during vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated angiogenesis. In the present study, we have used a clinically relevant RNA interference approach to silence Rac1(More)
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are increasingly being recognized as candidate drug delivery systems due to their ability to functionally transfer biological cargo between cells. However, the therapeutic applicability of EVs may be limited due to a lack of cell-targeting specificity and rapid clearance of exogenous EVs from the circulation. In order to improve(More)
The nebulization of amphotericin B desoxycholate (AMB-DOC), liposomal amphotericin B (L-AMB), amphotericin B lipid complex (ABLC) and amphotericin B colloidal dispersion (ABCD) has been investigated. Particle sizes of generated aerosol droplets were measured. Pulmonary amphotericin B deposition and amphotericin B concentration in blood directly after(More)
OBJECTIVE The kinetics of various parameters of fungal load and cytokines were investigated, in order to acquire insight into the pathogenesis of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) during antifungal treatment with amphotericin B. METHODS Neutropenic rats with left-sided IPA received either treatment with amphotericin B or remained untreated. At 0, 4,(More)
The therapeutic potential of epi-immunotherapeutic anticancer agent RRx-001 in cancer has been validated with preclinical and clinical studies, since RRx-001 has successfully completed a phase 1 trial and multiple single-agent and combination phase 2 trials with preliminary evidence of promising activity are underway. Previous experimental work has(More)