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Mexiletine is a low clearance drug which undergoes extensive metabolism in man. In vitro studies with human liver microsomes have suggested that major oxidation pathways of mexiletine are predominantly catalyzed by the genetically determined debrisoquine 4-hydroxylase (cytochrome P450IID6) activity. In this study, we investigated the role of debrisoquine(More)
It was reported previously that mexiletine undergoes stereoselective disposition in humans and that formation of three of its major metabolites co-segregates with polymorphic debrisoquin 4-hydroxylase (CYP2D6) activity. In this study, the hypothesis was tested that the CYP2D6-mediated oxidation pathways of mexiletine are responsible for the stereoselective(More)
Pacemaker contact sensitivity is a rare condition. Less than 25 reports of pacemaker skin reaction have been described over the past 30 years. This report describes one patient who developed contact dermatitis after implantation of two subsequent pacemakers. The diagnosis was made with skin patch tests that were positive to polyurethane 75D and polysulfone(More)
It has been suggested that the current dietary recommendations (low-fat-high-carbohydrate diet) may promote the intake of sugar and highly refined starches which could have adverse effects on the metabolic risk profile. We have investigated the short-term (6-d) nutritional and metabolic effects of an ad libitum low-glycaemic index-low-fat-high-protein diet(More)
Physiological studies of the type we have described, when performed in patients with the WPW syndrome, can yield diagnostic information regarding the mechanism of arrhythmia, demonstrate functional properties of therapeutic import, facilitate therapeutic decision-making about drug regimens and presumptively localize the site of pre-excitation as a basis for(More)
The pharmacokinetics of S-(+)- and R-(-)-mexiletine and of the corresponding conjugates were investigated in six healthy young volunteers after administration of a single 200 mg oral dose of racemic mexiletine hydrochloride. The values for the distribution rate constants as well as for the elimination half-lives of the two enantiomers were similar but the(More)
BACKGROUND Catheter ablation is a curative treatment with excellent success and minimal complication rates for patients with supraventricular or ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS The acute outcomes and complications of all catheter ablation procedures for supraventricular and ventricular arrhythmias performed at the Quebec Heart Institute (Sainte-Foy,(More)
Treatment with second generation histamine H1 receptor antagonists has been associated with lengthening of the Q-T interval and proarrhythmia. Similarly, lengthening of the Q-T interval has been reported in patients after overdosing with diphenhydramine (DPH), a first generation agent. Therefore, our study was designed 1) to assess effects of DPH on cardiac(More)
The electrophysiologic effects of intravenously administered propranolol (0.1 mg/kg) on three parameters of sinus node function were examined in ten symptomatic patients with sinus node dysfunction. The patients ranged in age from 26 to 79 years. Symptoms ranged from fatigue to frank syncope. Sinoatrial (SA) block and sinus pauses were observed in one(More)