Marcel Garcia

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In this overview of results from our laboratory, we address the question of the role of estrogens during early steps of metastasis, involving cell invasion through the basement membrane and cell motility. The motility of several estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast (MCF7, T47D) and ovarian (BG-1, SKOV3, PEO4) cancer cell lines was studied using a modified(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancers generally have a better prognosis and are often responsive to anti-estrogen therapy, which is the first example of a successful therapy targeted on a specific protein, the ER. Unfortunately ER-negative breast cancers are more aggressive and unresponsive to anti-estrogens. Other targeted therapies are thus(More)
Cathepsin D, a lysosomal protease, is overexpressed in primary breast cancer and associated with increased risk of metastasis. We have shown previously by transfection in rat tumor cells that overexpression of cathepsin D increased both experimental metastasis in nude mice and in vitro proliferation under low-serum conditions. In this study, we used the(More)
We have investigated the action of high doses of androgens in Gobius niger L., a marine teleostean fish, by characterizing specific steroid receptors in liver and by assaying the plasma vitellogenin concentration under different hormonal treatments. Estrogen and androgen receptors were characterized in the liver nuclear extracts according to their binding(More)
Cathepsin D (cath-D), an estrogen-regulated protease appears mostly to increase the number of tumor cells rather than their invasion or motility through the extracellular matrix. Estradiol is mitogenic but in vitro it also inhibits invasion and motility. In this review, we discuss the mechanism of this inhibition and the hormonal regulation of other(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder which is rising globally in rich and developing countries. In the African region this rate is the highest, with 20 million diagnosed diabetics. Despite a noticeable progress in the treatment of diabetes mellitus by synthetic drugs, the search for new natural anti-diabetic agents is going on. Nauclea(More)
The association of estrogen receptor alpha (ERα) expression with differentiated breast tumors presenting a lower metastasis risk could be explained by the estrogen modulation of cell adhesion, motility and invasiveness. Since desmosomes play a crucial role in cell-cell adhesion and may interfere in tumor progression, we studied their regulation by estrogens(More)
alpha 1-Antichymotrypsin (Achy) is an antiprotease of the acute inflammation phase, which is also released by MCF7 human breast cancer cells in culture. Using a fluorimetric assay with the synthetic substrate L-Seryl-L-Tyrosyl-2-N-naphthylamide, we have shown that a medium conditioned by MCF7 cells treated by estradiol inhibits the activity of(More)
BACKGROUND Cancer has become a global public health problem and the search for new control measures is urgent. Investigation of plant products such as essential oils from Monodora myristica, Xylopia aethiopica and Xylopia parviflora might lead to new anticancer therapy. In this study, we have investigated the antineoplastic activity of essential oils from(More)
The precursor of cathepsin D, a lysosomal acidic protease, is secreted by human breast cancer cells, where its synthesis is specifically induced by estrogens and growth factors. In this study, we investigated the hormonal regulation of cathepsin D and its mRNA in uterine cells. In the Ishikawa endometrial cancer cell line, epidermal growth factor (EGF)(More)