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In this study we analyzed the relationship between detergent-resistant microdomains and caveolae in Caco-2 cells. Caveolin was not detected on Western blots or Northern blots or by immunoprecipitation in these cells, in contrast to A 431 cells. Triton X-100-resistant membranes from Caco-2 and A 431 cells showed the same morphological aspect by electron(More)
Cathepsin D is an acidic lysosomal protease present in all cells. In estrogen receptor positive and negative breast cancer cell lines, the mRNA coding for pro-cathepsin D is overexpressed and sorting and maturation of the pro-enzyme are altered, via possibly saturation of the Man-6-P/IGF-II receptor, leading to accumulation of the active proteinase in large(More)
The cell surface binding, endocytosis, and lysosomal routing of procathepsin D (procath-D) in cancer cells are mostly independent of the mannose-6-phosphate (M6P) receptors. In an attempt to define the receptor involved, we intracellularly cross-linked procath-D with a 68-kDa protein that we identified with specific antibodies as prosaposin in human breast(More)
Carcinoembryonic antigen, an apical membrane glycoprotein expressed in normal human colonic epithelial cells, colonic polyps, tumor, and tissue culture cell lines originating from colonic adenocarcinomas, is generally considered to have a molecular weight of 180,000. Using sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis associated with(More)
In this study, we have investigated the possibility that glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored proteins form insoluble membrane complexes in Caco-2 cells and that transmembrane proteins are associated with these complexes. GPI-anchored proteins were mainly resistant to Triton X-100 (TX-100) extraction at 4 degrees C but fully soluble in(More)
The synthesis of mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSN) covalently encapsulating fluoresceine or a photosensitizer, functionalized with galactose on the surface is described. Confocal microscopy experiments demonstrated that the uptake of galactose-functionalized MSN by colorectal cancer cells was mediated by galactose receptors leading to the accumulation(More)
Estrogens play an important role in regulating the growth and differentiation of normal, premalignant and malignant cell types, especially breast epithelial cells, through interaction with two nuclear estrogen receptors (ERalpha and ERbeta). In this review, we present a brief overview of the actions of estrogens in the different steps of breast(More)
Cathepsin-D is an independent marker of poor prognosis in human breast cancer. We previously showed that human wild-type cathepsin-D, as well as its mutated form devoid of proteolytic activity stably transfected in 3Y1-Ad12 cancer cells, stimulated tumor growth. To investigate the mechanisms by which human cathepsin-D and its catalytically-inactive(More)
The lysosomal aspartic protease cathepsin D (cath-D) is over-expressed and hyper-secreted by epithelial breast cancer cells. This protease is an independent marker of poor prognosis in breast cancer being correlated with the incidence of clinical metastasis. Cath-D over-expression stimulates tumorigenicity and metastasis. Indeed it plays an essential role(More)
Overexpression of cathepsin-D in primary breast cancer has been associated with rapid development of clinical metastasis. To investigate the role of this protease in breast cancer growth and progression to metastasis, we stably transfected a highly metastatic human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, with a plasmid containing either the full-length cDNA(More)