Marcel E de Gooyer

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The receptor profiles and in vivo activity of tibolone, and its primary metabolites, Delta(4)-isomer, and 3alpha- and 3beta-hydroxytibolone, were studied and compared to those of structurally related compounds. The Delta(4)-isomer was the strongest binder and activator of the progesterone receptor (PR); tibolone was 10 times weaker in binding and half as(More)
The human progesterone receptor A and B isoforms (hPR-A and hPR-B) were stably transfected in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells in the presence or absence of the mouse mamma tumor virus (MMTV) promoter and luciferase (LUC) reporter gene. In this way four stably transfected CHO cell lines, i.e. hPR-A, hPR-B, hPR-A-MMTV-LUC and hPR-B-MMTV-LUC cells, were(More)
The aim was to test whether sulfatase activity is differently regulated by tibolone in human bone, endometrium and breast cells since selective inhibition of sulfatases in various tissues may contribute to the tissue-specificity of tibolone. Tibolone, its 3 alpha- and 3 beta-hydroxy metabolites and their 3-sulfated forms, and its Delta(4)-isomer strongly(More)
To exclude that aromatization plays a role in the estrogenic activity of tibolone, we studied the effect tibolone and metabolites on the aromatization of androstenedione and the aromatization of tibolone and its metabolites to 7alpha-methyl-17alpha-ethynylestradiol (7alpha-MEE) by human recombinant aromatase. Testosterone (T), 17alpha-methyltestosterone(More)
Tibolone is a synthetic steroid with estrogenic effects on brain, vagina, and bone without stimulating the endometrium. During tibolone treatment, it is thought that the progestagenic properties of tibolone stimulate cell differentiation, which effectively counterbalances the growth-stimulating effects of the estrogenic properties of tibolone. The objective(More)
Reducing aldosterone action is beneficial in various major diseases such as heart failure. Currently, this is achieved with mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists, however, aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) inhibitors may offer a promising alternative. In this study, we used three-dimensional modeling of CYP11B2 to model the binding modes of the natural(More)
The TSH receptor (TSHR) on orbital fibroblasts (OF) is a proposed target of the autoimmune attack in Graves' ophthalmopathy. In the present study, we tested whether the novel low-molecular-weight (LMW) TSHR antagonist Org-274179-0 inhibits cAMP production induced by rhTSH, Graves' disease IgG (GD-IgG), or M22 (a potent human monoclonal TSHR stimulating(More)
In this study, we assessed the effects of tibolone and its metabolites on the production of a progesterone sensitive parameter, prolactin, in human endometrium stroma cells in vitro. In addition, the metabolism of the compounds by isolated stromal and epithelial cells was evaluated. The reference compounds, progesterone, Org 2058, and DHT all induced(More)
Reversal of cardiac fibrosis is a major determinant of the salutary effects of mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists in heart failure. Recently, R-fadrozole was coined as an aldosterone biosynthesis inhibitor, offering an appealing alternative to mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists to block aldosterone action. The present study aimed to evaluate the(More)
BACKGROUND Both expression of the thyrotropin receptor (TSHR) and the production of hyaluronan (HA) by orbital fibroblasts (OF) have been proposed to be implicated in the pathogenesis of Graves' ophthalmopathy (GO). HA is synthesized by three types of HA synthase. We hypothesized that TSHR activation by recombinant human TSH (rhTSH) and TSHR-stimulating(More)