Marcel E de Gooyer

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The receptor profiles and in vivo activity of tibolone, and its primary metabolites, Delta(4)-isomer, and 3alpha- and 3beta-hydroxytibolone, were studied and compared to those of structurally related compounds. The Delta(4)-isomer was the strongest binder and activator of the progesterone receptor (PR); tibolone was 10 times weaker in binding and half as(More)
The aim was to test whether sulfatase activity is differently regulated by tibolone in human bone, endometrium and breast cells since selective inhibition of sulfatases in various tissues may contribute to the tissue-specificity of tibolone. Tibolone, its 3 alpha- and 3 beta-hydroxy metabolites and their 3-sulfated forms, and its Delta(4)-isomer strongly(More)
The human progesterone receptor A and B isoforms (hPR-A and hPR-B) were stably transfected in Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) cells in the presence or absence of the mouse mamma tumor virus (MMTV) promoter and luciferase (LUC) reporter gene. In this way four stably transfected CHO cell lines, i.e. hPR-A, hPR-B, hPR-A-MMTV-LUC and hPR-B-MMTV-LUC cells, were(More)
Tibolone is a synthetic steroid with estrogenic effects on brain, vagina, and bone without stimulating the endometrium. During tibolone treatment, it is thought that the progestagenic properties of tibolone stimulate cell differentiation, which effectively counterbalances the growth-stimulating effects of the estrogenic properties of tibolone. The objective(More)
ADJUVANTS are considered to play an important role in directing the isotype and amount of antibodies produced upon immunization by conducting the development of either Th-1 or Th-2 cells upon T-cell stimulation. This is based on the different cytokine production patterns that were observed after in vitro resttmulation of T cells isolated from mice immunized(More)
In this study, we assessed the effects of tibolone and its metabolites on the production of a progesterone sensitive parameter, prolactin, in human endometrium stroma cells in vitro. In addition, the metabolism of the compounds by isolated stromal and epithelial cells was evaluated. The reference compounds, progesterone, Org 2058, and DHT all induced(More)
In postmenopausal women, tibolone shows clear tissue differences in its stimulatory effects on the vagina and uterus. In rats, however, it has stimulatory effects on both tissues, with a different, more estrogenic, effect on the uterus than in humans. This may be due to differences in local metabolism. Therefore, in the present study, the metabolism of(More)
A series of MENT esters (3-71) was designed, prepared and tested to study the structure-activity relationship (SAR) of the hydrolysis rate with human liver microsomes of these prodrugs. Compounds were obtained covering a wide range of metabolic stability. The results are useful for the proper selection of prodrugs for different pharmaceutical formulations(More)
To exclude that aromatization plays a role in the estrogenic activity of tibolone, we studied the effect tibolone and metabolites on the aromatization of androstenedione and the aromatization of tibolone and its metabolites to 7alpha-methyl-17alpha-ethynylestradiol (7alpha-MEE) by human recombinant aromatase. Testosterone (T), 17alpha-methyltestosterone(More)
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