Marcel Desautels

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The objective was to evaluate whether norepinephrine (NE) and other hormonal factors have direct effects on protein degradation in brown fat cells. NE inhibited proteolysis by 35-45% in mouse brown adipocytes differentiated in culture. Insulin also inhibited protein degradation but significantly less than NE, whereas glucagon and leptin had no effect. The(More)
The objective of this work was to evaluate how obesity would influence the changes in brown fat (BAT) thermogenic capacity during fasting-refeeding. Mice fed either chow or chow + high-fat supplement for 6 wk had body weights of 34 +/- 1 and 43 +/- 1 g, respectively. They were fasted for 48 h followed by ad libitum refeeding for up to 5 days. Loss of(More)
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effects of ethanol consumption on brown adipose tissue (BAT) thermogenic capacity in mice. Mice offered only ethanol (10%; v/v) for 10 days as drinking fluid had significant reductions in total energy and fluid intakes relative to mice given water, but net weight gains were similar. BAT thermogenic capacity was(More)
The objective of this study was to evaluate some of the mechanisms by which norepinephrine (NE) and insulin may influence protein degradation in mouse brown adipocytes differentiated in cultures. The effects of NE and insulin, alone or in combination, on three factors known to influence proteolysis (maintenance of cell ATP and 1-phosphatidylinositol(More)
Rat brown adipocytes were incubated for 24 h with or without norepinephrine (NE) in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium with albumin, calf serum, and antibiotics. Brown fat cells were viable as defined by unchanged cell morphology, ATP content, or basal and NE-stimulated respiration. However, a 24-h exposure to NE led to a decline in NE-stimulated(More)
When cold-acclimated rats are returned to a thermoneutral environment (28 degrees C) after 5 weeks at 4 degrees C, the size of the enlarged interscapular brown adipose tissue decreases during the 1st week. The altered composition of the mitochondria, however, reverts to normal during deacclimation more rapidly than the size of the tissue: a marked decrease(More)
The time course of changes in the level of uncoupling protein mRNA when cold-acclimated mice were returned to a thermoneutral environment (33 degrees C) was examined using a cDNA probe. Upon deacclimation, there was a marked loss of uncoupling protein mRNA within 24 h, which precedes the loss of uncoupling protein from mitochondria. This loss of uncoupling(More)
The effects of unilateral surgical denervation on brown adipose tissue (BAT) composition were evaluated to assess the importance of the sympathetic innervation in the maintenance of a high concentration of the uncoupling protein thermogenin in cold-acclimated (CA) mice and to assess whether suppression of neural activity could account for BAT atrophy(More)
The alterations in properties of mitochondria and of plasma membrane of brown adipose tissue and skeletal muscle of cold-acclimated rats are reviewed in order to bring out any adaptive changes which are related to the mechanism of nonshivering thermogenesis, and thus to the enhanced calorigenic action of catecholamines known to exist in these animals. Since(More)