Marcel De Cuyper

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Iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) are frequently employed in biomedical research as magnetic resonance (MR) contrast agents where high intracellular levels are required to clearly depict signal alterations. To date, the toxicity and applicability of these particles have not been completely unraveled. Here, we show that endosomal localization of different iron(More)
The in vitro labelling of cultured cells with iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) is a frequent practice in biomedical research. To date, the potential cytotoxicity of these particles remains an issue of debate. In the present study, 4 different NP types (dextran-coated Endorem, carboxydextran-coated Resovist, lipid-coated magnetoliposomes (MLs) and(More)
Iron oxide nanoparticles are the most widely used T(2)/T(2)* contrast agents and for biomedical research purposes, one of the main applications is the in vitro labeling of stem or therapeutic cells, allowing them to be subsequently tracked in vivo upon transplantation. To allow this, the nanoparticles used should not show any sign of cytotoxicity and not(More)
The high biocompatibility and versatile nature of liposomes made these particles keystone components in many hot-topic research areas. For transfection and cell labelling purposes, synthetic cationic lipids are often added, but in most studies, little attention has been paid to their cytotoxic effects. In the present work, cationic magnetoliposomes (MLs),(More)
The adsorption of different types of phosphatidylglycerols onto magnetizable solid particles is studied. The super-paramagnetic magnetite spheres used have an average diameter of only 14 nm and are stabilized by lauric acid to keep them in solution. During incubation and dialysis of this water-based magnetic fluid in the presence of preformed sonicated(More)
Among the wide variety in iron oxide nanoparticles which are routinely used as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents, magnetoliposomes (MLs) take up a special place. In the present work, the two main types (large and small MLs) are defined and their specific features are commented. For both types of MLs, the flexibility of the lipid coating(More)
The use of contrast material to stimulate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of migrating cells has become an important area of research. In the present study, cationic magnetoliposomes (MLs) were used to magnetically label human blood outgrowth endothelial cells (BOECs) and follow their homing by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The biodistribution and(More)
MR-labeling of endogenous neural progenitor cells (NPCs) to follow up cellular migration with in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a very promising tool in the rapidly growing field of cellular imaging. To date, most of the in situ labeling work has been performed using micron-sized iron oxide particles. In this work magnetoliposomes (MLs), i.e.(More)
This work deals with the production and characterization of water-compatible, iron oxide based nanoparticles covered with functional poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-biotin surface groups (SPIO-PEG-biotin). Synthesis of the functionalized colloids occurred by incubating the oleate coated particles used as precursor magnetic fluid with anionic liposomes(More)
Iron oxide nanoparticle internalization exerts detrimental effects on cell physiology for a variety of particles, but little is known about the mechanism involved. The effects of high intracellular levels of four types of iron oxide particles (Resovist, Endorem, very small organic particles, and magnetoliposomes (MLs)) on the viability and physiology of(More)