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BACKGROUND Remifentanil-induced secondary hyperalgesia has been documented experimentally in both animals and healthy human volunteers, but never clinically. This study tested the hypotheses that increased pain sensitivity assessed by periincisional allodynia and hyperalgesia can occur after relatively large-dose intraoperative remifentanil and that(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid development of acute opioid tolerance is well established in animals and is more likely to occur with large doses of short-acting drugs. The authors therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative remifentanil administration results in acute opioid tolerance that is manifested by increased postoperative pain and opioid requirement. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of IV morphine on central pain syndromes through quantitative sensory testing and to assess the long-term benefit of oral morphine. METHODS After an initial open titration phase aiming to determine the maximal tolerated dosage of IV morphine, the efficacy of morphine infusion (9-30 mg; mean dosage, 16 mg) was assessed(More)
The efficacy and safety of remifentanil and alfentanil for patients undergoing major abdominal surgery were compared. Premedicated patients received a loading dose of remifentanil (1.0 microgram.kg-1; n = 116) and a continuous infusion of 0.5 microgram.kg-1.min-1, or a loading dose of alfentanil (25 micrograms.kg-1; n = 118) and a continuous infusion of 1.0(More)
Ketamine may prevent postoperative hyperalgesia. In patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy using general anesthesia, we tested whether a single intraoperative dose of ketamine enhanced postoperative analgesia and improved functional outcome compared with a typical multimodal analgesic regimen. After the induction of anesthesia, 50 patients were(More)
UNLABELLED Animal studies have suggested that the temporal summation of nociceptive inputs might play a significant role in the development of central sensitization (i.e., hyperexcitability of central nociceptive neurons) and hyperalgesia via the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. To further analyze these processes in humans, we evaluated the(More)
BACKGROUND Sufentanil and remifentanil are characterized by two different pharmacokinetic profiles. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of sufentanil and remifentanil administered using target-controlled infusion (TCI) on recovery and postoperative analgesia after major abdominal surgery. METHODS Thirty adult patients scheduled for open(More)
BACKGROUND Inadequate analgesia is common after shoulder arthroscopy. Both interscalene blocks and gabapentin are effective methods of pain management under various circumstances. We tested the hypothesis that gabapentin augments postoperative analgesia provided by interscalene brachial plexus block in patients having ambulatory arthroscopic shoulder(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and severity of postoperative pain in patients undergoing operations in various surgery clinics in the Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP) and to evaluate management of pain during the 24 hours following surgery. METHODS Data from surgical and anesthesia observation sheets and from(More)
UNLABELLED Relative large-dose intraoperative remifentanil could lead to the need for more postoperative analgesics. Intraoperative N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists, such as ketamine, decrease postoperative opioid use. We therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative small-dose ketamine improves postoperative analgesia after major abdominal(More)