Marcel Chauvin

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BACKGROUND Remifentanil-induced secondary hyperalgesia has been documented experimentally in both animals and healthy human volunteers, but never clinically. This study tested the hypotheses that increased pain sensitivity assessed by periincisional allodynia and hyperalgesia can occur after relatively large-dose intraoperative remifentanil and that(More)
BACKGROUND Rapid development of acute opioid tolerance is well established in animals and is more likely to occur with large doses of short-acting drugs. The authors therefore tested the hypothesis that intraoperative remifentanil administration results in acute opioid tolerance that is manifested by increased postoperative pain and opioid requirement. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of IV morphine on central pain syndromes through quantitative sensory testing and to assess the long-term benefit of oral morphine. METHODS After an initial open titration phase aiming to determine the maximal tolerated dosage of IV morphine, the efficacy of morphine infusion (9-30 mg; mean dosage, 16 mg) was assessed(More)
Ketamine may prevent postoperative hyperalgesia. In patients undergoing arthroscopic meniscectomy using general anesthesia, we tested whether a single intraoperative dose of ketamine enhanced postoperative analgesia and improved functional outcome compared with a typical multimodal analgesic regimen. After the induction of anesthesia, 50 patients were(More)
UNLABELLED Animal studies have suggested that the temporal summation of nociceptive inputs might play a significant role in the development of central sensitization (i.e., hyperexcitability of central nociceptive neurons) and hyperalgesia via the activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate receptors. To further analyze these processes in humans, we evaluated the(More)
Continuous positive airway pressure in acute cardiogenic pulmonary edema is rarely used by prehospital emergency care units, because of the particular technical drawbacks of existing equipment. The aim of this one year prospective descriptive open study without a control group was to assess the technical feasibility of using the Boussignac continuous(More)
UNLABELLED In order to examine whether changes in the bispectral index (BIS) may be an adequate monitor for the analgesic component of anesthesia, we evaluated the effect of remifentanil on the BIS change and hemodynamic responses to laryngoscopy and tracheal intubation. Fifty ASA physical status I patients were randomly assigned, in a double-blinded(More)
Pethidine is reported to be more effective than equi-analgesic doses of other opioids as an inhibitor of postanaesthetic shivering. The aim of this study was to verify whether this action resulted from a local anaesthetic effect of pethidine or from inadequate fentanyl dosage in previous studies. We studied 52 ASA 1 or 2 patients. They were randomly(More)
BACKGROUND Sufentanil and remifentanil are characterized by two different pharmacokinetic profiles. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of sufentanil and remifentanil administered using target-controlled infusion (TCI) on recovery and postoperative analgesia after major abdominal surgery. METHODS Thirty adult patients scheduled for open(More)
Gabapentin has antihyperalgesic and anxiolytic properties. We thus tested the hypothesis that premedication with gabapentin would decrease preoperative anxiety and improve postoperative analgesia and early postoperative knee mobilization in patients undergoing arthroscopic anterior cruciate ligament repair under general anesthesia. Forty patients were(More)