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Recently apoptotic markers have been found in Alzheimer's Disease (AD) brain. To investigate the relation between tau phosphorylation and apoptosis, immunocytochemistry of AT8 (indicating the degree of phosphorylation at the tau Ser202/Thr205 site) was quantitatively determined the degree of tau phosphorylation at the Ser202 site was monitored during(More)
Histopathological data obtained from different experimental models of hypoxia and ischemia were evaluated in order to extend current knowledge of mechanisms responsible for delayed neuronal cell death. Special attention is given to the distribution of calcium (Ca2+) in vulnerable areas during the postischemic period. Between an initial defensive Ca2+(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged atrial fibrillation (AF) results in electrical, structural, and gap-junctional remodeling. We examined the reversibility of the changes in (ultra)structure and gap junctions. METHODS AND RESULTS Four groups of goats were used: (1) sinus rhythm (SR), (2) 4 months' AF (4 mo AF), (3) 2 months' SR after 4 mo AF (2 mo post-AF), and (4) 4(More)
Rats subjected to a one-way active avoidance task consisting of 3 daily training sessions, showed obvious shape changes in dendritic spines of the hippocampal supragranular molecular layer. Performance, expressed as the number of avoidances per 10 trials, significantly improved in the second and third session (P < 0.001). In trained animals, at the end of(More)
OBJECT The authors describe an experimental model of closed head injury in rodents that was modified from one developed by Marmarou and colleagues. This modification allows dual control of the dynamic process of impact compared with impulse loading that occurs at the moment of primary brain injury. The principal element in this weight-drop model is an(More)
Mitochondrial dysfunction has been implicated in a number of neurodegenerative diseases, such as ischemia and Parkinson's disease. We present here a method that allows the rapid quantification of interventions, aimed at inhibiting the effect of mitochondrial membrane potential uncouplers, based on the ratioing properties of the fluorescent probe(More)
In order to study the pathophysiology and the intracranial hemodynamics of traumatic brain injury, we have developed a modified closed-head injury model of impact-acceleration that expresses several features of severe head injury in humans, including acute and long-lasting intracranial hypertension, diffuse axonal injury, neuronal necrosis, bleeding, and(More)
We produced unilateral photochemical infarcts in the hindlimb sensorimotor neocortex of 186 rats by intravenous injection of the fluorescein derivative rose bengal and focal illumination of the intact skull surface. Infarcted rats showed specific, long-lasting deficits in tactile and proprioceptive placing reactions of the contralateral limbs, mostly the(More)
In this study, near-infrared spectroscopy was applied to examine whether cytochrome oxidase in the rat brain is inhibited by nitric oxide in vivo. During normoxia, intravenous N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) administration significantly decreased the cerebral saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen but did not alter the cytochrome oxidase redox(More)
The present study validates a method for continuous measurement of intracranial pressure (ICP) in freely moving rats after experimental induction of impact-acceleration injury. Rats subjected to either mild or moderate trauma were individually placed in a Bas-Ratturn system, equipped with a sensor that synchronously turns the cage in response to the(More)