Marcel Ameloot

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Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-forming cells of the central nervous system, are the target of pathogenic immune responses in multiple sclerosis. Primary cultures of human oligodendrocytes have been used to unravel the cellular and molecular mechanisms of immune-mediated injury of oligodendrocytes. However, these studies are hampered by the limited(More)
Renal ischemia and subsequent reperfusion lead to changes in the regulation of hydrogen ions across the mitochondrial membrane. This study was designed to monitor pH changes in the cytosol and mitochondria of Madin-Darby Canine Kidney cells exposed to metabolic inhibition and subsequent recovery. A classical one-photon confocal imaging approach using the(More)
Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) has become a widely used tool to examine gene expression levels. Reliable quantification, however, depends on a proper normalization strategy. Normalization with multiple reference genes is becoming the standard, although the most suitable reference genes depend on the applied treatment as well as the(More)
In the present study, we evaluated the differentiation potential of human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) toward Schwann cells, together with their functional capacity with regard to myelination and support of neurite outgrowth in vitro. Successful Schwann cell differentiation was confirmed at the morphological and ultrastructural level by transmission(More)
Microglia are the immune cells of the central nervous system. They are suspected to play important roles in adult synaptogenesis and in the development of the neuronal network. Microglial cells originate from progenitors in the yolk sac. Although it was suggested that they invade the cortex at early developmental stages in the embryo, their invasion pattern(More)
A series of fluorophores with single-exponential fluorescence decays in liquid solution at 20 degrees C were measured independently by nine laboratories using single-photon timing and multifrequency phase and modulation fluorometry instruments with lasers as excitation source. The dyes that can serve as fluorescence lifetime standards for time-domain and(More)
Multiple sclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Myelin and oligodendrocytes are considered the major targets of injury caused by a cell-mediated immune response. There is circumstantial evidence that proinflammatory cytokines like tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) could have(More)
In this study, we have investigated the dependence of Na+ transport regulation on membrane cholesterol content in A6 renal epithelia. We continuously monitored short-circuit current (Isc), transepithelial conductance (GT), and transepithelial capacitance (CT) to evaluate the effects of cholesterol extraction from the apical and basolateral membranes in(More)
A new membrane probe, based on the perylene imide chromophore, with excellent photophysical properties (high absorption coefficient, quantum yield (QY) approximately 1, high photostability) and excited in the visible domain is proposed for the study of membrane rafts. Visualization of separation between the liquid-ordered (Lo) and the liquid-disordered (Ld)(More)
We report, for the epithelial Na+ channel (ENaC) in A6 cells, the modulation by cell pH (pHc) of the transepithelial Na+ current (INa), the current through the individual Na+ channel (i), the open Na+ channel density (No), and the kinetic parameters of the relationship between I(Na) and the apical Na+ concentration. The i and N) were evaluated from the(More)