Marc de Gasparo

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The cardiovascular and other actions of angiotensin II (Ang II) are mediated by AT(1) and AT(2) receptors, which are seven transmembrane glycoproteins with 30% sequence similarity. Most species express a single autosomal AT(1) gene, but two related AT(1A) and AT(1B) receptor genes are expressed in rodents. AT(1) receptors are predominantly coupled to(More)
Two angiotensin II receptor subtypes (A and B) are described from rat and human tissues. They have been characterised using specific peptidic and non-peptidic ligands with affinities differing by 1000 fold or more. These subtypes are present in adrenal glomerulosa of both species. Human uterus contains only subtype A, whereas both subtypes are found in rat(More)
Thanks to the recent discovery of angiotensin II (ANG II) receptor subtypes linked to different signalling pathways, research in the different areas related to this peptide has regained a strong interest. In the following review, we first describe the biochemistry and actions of angiotensin peptides formed both in the circulation and locally at the tissue(More)
The signalling mechanism and cellular targets of the AT2 receptor are still unknown. We report that angiotensin II (Ang II) inhibits basal and atrial natriuretic peptide stimulated particulate guanylate cyclase (pGC) activity through AT2 receptors in rat adrenal glomerulosa and PC12W cells. This inhibition is blocked by the phosphotyrosine phosphatase(More)
1. The disposition of valsartan, a potent angiotensin II receptor antagonist, was investigated in six healthy male volunteers. They each received a single oral dose of 80 mg of a 14C-labelled preparation as a neutral buffered solution. 2. Peak concentrations of radioactivity and valsartan in plasma measured 1 h after dosing showed rapid onset of absorption.(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the selective angiotensin AT2 receptor ligands, CGP 42112B (Nic-Tyr-(N alpha-benzoyloxycarbonyl-Arg)Lys-His-Pro-Ile-OH) and PD 123319 ((s)-1-[[4-(dimethylamino)-3-methyl-phenyl]methyl]-5-(diphenylacetyl+ ++)-4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]-pyridine-6-carboxylic acid) are agonists at angiotensin(More)
Inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system is associated with vasodilation and reduction in blood pressure. We hypothesized that angiotensin type 1 (AT(1)) receptor (AT(1)R) blockade is associated with increased production of renal nitric oxide (NO) mediated by release of bradykinin (BK). By use of a microdialysis technique, changes in renal interstitial(More)
We have studied the effect of GTP gamma S on the affinity and binding kinetics of angiotensin II in plasma membrane particulate prepared from tissues expressing either only AT1 (human renal artery smooth muscle cells), only AT2 (human myometrium and bovine cerebellar cortex) or both angiotensin II receptor subtypes (rat adrenal glomerulosa). We also(More)
This study compared the effect of benazepril, an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor ([S-(R*,R*)]-3-[[1-(ethoxycarbonyl)-3-phenylpropyl]amino]-2,3,4,5- tetrahydro-2-oxo) to valsartan, an angiotensin AT1 receptor antagonist ((S)-N-valeryl-N-[2'-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)biphenyl-4-yl]-methyl-valin e) on glucose metabolism and plasma lipid levels in 11- to(More)