Marc d'Alarcao

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The phenotypic traits of 7 independently isolated dam mutants of Escherichia coli have been examined. The mutant strains differ from the wildtype in the following respects: (1) decreased DNA adenine methylase activity in vivo and in vitro; (2) a 14--85-fold increase in spontaneous mutability; (3) decreased survival after ultraviolet irradiation; (4) a(More)
Inositol phosphate glycan pseudotetrasaccharides consisting of man-(alpha1-6)-man-(alpha1-4)-glcN-(alpha,beta1-6)-myo-inositol-1,2-cyclic phosphate possessing a sulfate group at either O-6 (compounds 3alpha,beta) or O-2 (compounds 4alpha,beta) of the terminal mannose have been prepared. Compound 4alpha was able to stimulate lipogenesis in native rat(More)
Palmitic, palmitoleic and stearic acids were found in the extracted cellular lipids of virulent Bordetella pertussis as unesterified acids in confirmation of earlier taxonomic analyses. The same free fatty acids (FFAs) were found in the spent culture supernatant in concentrations higher than in the uninoculated medium, indicating that they are released into(More)
In the presence of indomethacin, arachidonic acid relaxes precontracted rings of rat aorta only when the endothelium is intact. Arachidonate-induced, endothelium-dependent relaxation is potentiated by superoxide dismutase. In contrast, linoleic acid (LA) contracts endothelium-intact and -denuded rings. Arachidonate is metabolized in endothelial cells by(More)
Insulin-mimetic species of low molecular weight are speculated to mediate some intracellular insulin actions. These inositol glycans, which are generated upon insulin stimulation from glycosylphosphatidylinositols, might control the activity of a multitude of insulin effector enzymes. Acylated inositol glycans (AIGs) are generated by cleavage of(More)
Metabolic oligosaccharide engineering has been employed to introduce fluorine-containing groups onto mammalian cell surfaces. Incubation of HeLa, Jurkat, and HL60 cells in culture with fluorinated sialic acid and mannosamine analogues resulted in cell-surface presentation of fluorinated glycans. Metabolic conversion of fluorinated precursors was detected(More)
The chemical synthesis of 2,6-dideoxy-2-amino-6-mercaptoglucopyranosyl-(alpha1-6)-myo-inositol 1,2-cyclic phosphate and its conjugation with a lucifer yellow derivative are reported. The resulting fluorescent IPG analogue was able to stimulate lipogenesis in rat adipocytes despite the fact that it was not internalized into the cell. The results demonstrate(More)
Aberrant glycosylation of lipid and protein molecules on cellular surfaces is responsible for many of the pathophysiological events in tumor progression and metastasis. Sialic acids in particular, are overexpressed on the glycocalyx of malignant tumor cells and sialic acid-mediated cell adhesion is required for metastasis. We report here that replacement of(More)
Herein we report the synthesis of N-acetyl neuraminic acid derivatives as 4-methylumbelliferyl glycosides and their use in fluorometrically quantifying human and bacterial sialidase activity and substrate specificities. We found that sialidases in the human promyelocytic leukemic cell line HL60 were able to cleave sialic acid substrates with fluorinated C-5(More)
A common feature of both apoptosis and inflammation is the activation of caspases. Caspases are aspartate-directed cysteine proteases that have numerous cellular targets. It has been discovered that several flavonoids are inhibitors of caspases. Flavonoids are members of a family of polyphenolic compounds from plants that have many biological properties,(More)