Marc Woodbury-Smith

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Autism spectrum disorder is characterized by patterns of delay and deviance in the development of social, communicative, and cognitive skills that arise in the first years of life. Although frequently associated with intellectual disability, this condition is distinctive in its course, impact, and treatment. Autism spectrum disorder has a wide range of(More)
The implications of the well known sex differences in the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are not well understood. The aim of this paper was to investigate whether these differences might be associated with differences in genetic liability. Individuals with ASD (970 families, 2,028 individuals) were recruited as part of the Autism Genome(More)
BACKGROUND Autism Spectrum Conditions (ASCs) are characterized by a high degree of clinical heterogeneity, but the extent to which this variation represents a severity gradient versus discrete phenotypes is unclear. This issue has complicated genetic studies seeking to investigate the genetic basis of the high hereditability observed clinically in those(More)
The diagnostic criteria for Asperger Syndrome (AS) according to ICD-10 and DSM-IV have been criticized as being too narrow in view of the rules of onset and precedence, whereby autism takes precedence over AS in a diagnostic hierarchy. In order to investigate this further, cases from the DSM-IV multicenter study who had been diagnosed clinically with AS(More)
Copy number variation has emerged as an important cause of phenotypic variation, particularly in relation to some complex disorders. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is one such disorder, in which evidence is emerging for an etiological role for some rare penetrant de novo and rare inherited copy number variants (CNVs). De novo variation, however, does not(More)
In the clinical practice of psychiatry, presence or absence of particular symptoms is based on the subjective interpretation, by the clinician, of mental and behavioural descriptions offered by the patient. However, this subjectivity that characterizes the diagnostic decision making process may limit the reliability of diagnosis. In this current study, the(More)
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