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We have identified six molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (AcChoE: acetylcholine hydrolase, EC 3.1.1.7) in extracts from bovine superior cervical ganglia. We show that three of them resemble the collagen-tailed forms of Electrophorus AcChoE in their hydrodynamic parameters, low-salt aggregation properties, and collagenase sensitivity. The six molecular(More)
The relative amount and distribution of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) molecular forms were studied in slow soleus and (less extensively) in fast extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of the rat before and after denervation and direct stimulation. Normal EDL muscles showed higher total and specific AChE activity than normal soleus muscles and contained(More)
We have examined the immunoreactivity of acetylcholinesterase from different vertebrate species with a rabbit antiserum raised against the purified rat brain hydrophobic enzyme (G4 form). We found no significant interaction with enzymes from Electrophorus, Torpedo, chicken, and rabbit. The antiserum reacted with acetylcholinesterases from the brains of the(More)
BACKGROUND Growth factors produced by tumor cells are essential for tumor expansion and may be useful in monitoring tumor progression or therapeutic efficacy if the factors are released into the circulation. In this study, we measured serum levels of pleiotrophin, a secreted heparin-binding growth and angiogenesis factor, in mice bearing human tumor(More)
"Nonspecific" cholinesterase (acylcholine acylhydrolase; EC 3.1.1.8) from various rat tissues has been found to exist in several stable molecular forms that appear as exact counterparts of molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase (acetylcholine hydrolase; EC 3.1.1.7). The sedimentation pattern of cholinesterase was similar to that of acetylcholinesterase(More)
Acetylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.7.; AChE) and butyrylcholinesterase (EC 3.1.1.8.; BuChE) from chicken muscle exist as sets of structurally homologous forms with very similar properties. The collagenase sensitivity and aggregation properties of the 'heavy' forms of both enzymes indicate that they possess a collagen-like tail, and their stepwise dissociation(More)