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One of the primary regulators of maternofetal glucose transfer is the density of glucose transporter proteins in the placenta. These transporters, members of the GLUT gene family of facilitated-diffusion transporters, are embedded in the microvillous (maternal-facing) and basal (fetal-facing) membranes of the syncytiotrophoblast, the main placental barrier(More)
Birth weight is reduced and the risk of preeclampsia is increased in human high altitude pregnancies. There has been little work to determine whether hypoxia acts directly to reduce fetal growth (e.g. reduced blood flow and oxygen delivery), or via changes in functional capacities such as nutrient transport. We therefore investigated the expression of a(More)
Placental hypoxia has been implicated in pregnancy pathologies, including fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia; however, the mechanism by which the trophoblast cell responds to hypoxia has not been adequately explored. Glucose transport, a process crucial to fetoplacental growth, is upregulated by hypoxia in a number of cell types. We investigated the(More)
The intrauterine environment is a major contributor to increased rates of metabolic disease in adults. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disease of pregnancy that affects 0.5%-2% of pregnant women and is characterized by increased bile acid levels in the maternal serum. The influence of ICP on the metabolic health of offspring is(More)
The study was a 1 year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of ibandronate treatment in postmenopausal, osteopenic women. Participants were followed for 1 year after withdrawal of treatment. All women were at least 10 years past menopause and had a baseline bone mineral density (BMD) at the distal forearm at least 1.5 standard deviations below(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this investigation was to assess soluble endoglin (sEng) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt1) as first-trimester serum markers to predict preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN First-trimester sera were obtained from 46 women with subsequent late-onset preeclampsia and from 92 controls. sEng and sFlt1 concentrations were determined(More)
Fetal growth is compromised in animal models with high cortisol availability. In healthy pregnancies, the fetus is protected from high circulating cortisol levels by the placental 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2), which is reduced in preeclampsia. We hypothesized increased placental cortisol availability in preeclampsia as missing(More)
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia is associated with perinatal brain injury. Autologous placenta stem cell transplantation represents a promising future treatment option for neuroregeneration. The aim of this study was to compare the neuroregenerative capacity of preeclampsia-placenta stem cells to previously characterized placentas from uncomplicated pregnancies. (More)
Muscles in the limbs change with age, but the aging process of urethral muscles is unknown. Therefore, we compared smooth and striated muscle content in the female rat urethra in young (12 month) and old (32 month) animals, using immunochemical techniques. All the striated skeletal fibers at both ages contain slow myosin. Urethral diameter does not change(More)
The aim of the present paper was to delineate in detail the dose-dependent effects of intermittent intravenous (IV) ibandronate treatment on the dynamics of markers of bone resorption and formation. The study included 73 healthy postmenopausal women between 50 and 70 years of age. Two groups received an IV injection of either 1 mg or 2 mg ibandronate on day(More)