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Placental hypoxia has been implicated in pregnancy pathologies, including fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia; however, the mechanism by which the trophoblast cell responds to hypoxia has not been adequately explored. Glucose transport, a process crucial to fetoplacental growth, is upregulated by hypoxia in a number of cell types. We investigated the(More)
One of the primary regulators of maternofetal glucose transfer is the density of glucose transporter proteins in the placenta. These transporters, members of the GLUT gene family of facilitated-diffusion transporters, are embedded in the microvillous (maternal-facing) and basal (fetal-facing) membranes of the syncytiotrophoblast, the main placental barrier(More)
Birth weight is reduced and the risk of preeclampsia is increased in human high altitude pregnancies. There has been little work to determine whether hypoxia acts directly to reduce fetal growth (e.g. reduced blood flow and oxygen delivery), or via changes in functional capacities such as nutrient transport. We therefore investigated the expression of a(More)
The intrauterine environment is a major contributor to increased rates of metabolic disease in adults. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disease of pregnancy that affects 0.5%-2% of pregnant women and is characterized by increased bile acid levels in the maternal serum. The influence of ICP on the metabolic health of offspring is(More)
The aim of the present paper was to delineate in detail the dose-dependent effects of intermittent intravenous (IV) ibandronate treatment on the dynamics of markers of bone resorption and formation. The study included 73 healthy postmenopausal women between 50 and 70 years of age. Two groups received an IV injection of either 1 mg or 2 mg ibandronate on day(More)
OBJECTIVE The malignant potential of intraepithelial neoplasia of the vulva and vagina after treatment is not well defined. Our objective was to examine risk factors for recurrence and invasive disease. METHODS Four hundred sixty-four women with biopsy proven high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia of the vulva and vagina were identified in the electronic(More)
The main indication for sacrospinous ligament suspension is to correct either total procidentia, a posthysterectomy vaginal vault prolapse with an associated weak cardinal uterosacral ligament complex, or a posthysterectomy enterocele. This study aimed to evaluate sexual function and anatomic outcome for patients after sacrospinous ligament suspension. For(More)
The study was a 1 year randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of ibandronate treatment in postmenopausal, osteopenic women. Participants were followed for 1 year after withdrawal of treatment. All women were at least 10 years past menopause and had a baseline bone mineral density (BMD) at the distal forearm at least 1.5 standard deviations below(More)
In a short-term study the response of ornithine carbamyl transferase (OCT) was compared to that of glutamic oxalacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) in the serum of rats after treatment with single doses of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4). Furthermore, the sensitivity of gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (gamma-GT) was studied in(More)