Marc U. Baumann

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Autism is a developmental disorder of unknown aetiopathology and lacking any specific pharmacological therapeutic intervention. Neurotransmitters such as serotonin, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and acetylcholine have been implicated. Abnormalities in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors have been identified including cortical loss of binding to the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this investigation was to assess soluble endoglin (sEng) and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt1) as first-trimester serum markers to predict preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN First-trimester sera were obtained from 46 women with subsequent late-onset preeclampsia and from 92 controls. sEng and sFlt1 concentrations were determined(More)
The intrauterine environment is a major contributor to increased rates of metabolic disease in adults. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is a liver disease of pregnancy that affects 0.5%-2% of pregnant women and is characterized by increased bile acid levels in the maternal serum. The influence of ICP on the metabolic health of offspring is(More)
OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to evaluate the antenatal incidence of single umbilical artery (SUA) in twin pregnancies according to chorionicity and to assess its relationship with outcome. METHODS Consecutive twin pregnancies undergoing ultrasound evaluation at our institutions were included. A targeted sonographic evaluation of the umbilical cord and(More)
Placental hypoxia has been implicated in pregnancy pathologies, including fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia; however, the mechanism by which the trophoblast cell responds to hypoxia has not been adequately explored. Glucose transport, a process crucial to fetoplacental growth, is upregulated by hypoxia in a number of cell types. We investigated the(More)
The carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and the classical non-specific cross-reacting antigens (NCAs) belong to the CEA gene family which is part of the immunoglobulin superfamily. In normal hematopoiesis, CEA gene family members (CGMs) have only been reported on cells of myeloid and monocytic origin. In the present study, we analyzed 62 childhood acute(More)
Fetal growth is compromised in animal models with high cortisol availability. In healthy pregnancies, the fetus is protected from high circulating cortisol levels by the placental 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 (11beta-HSD2), which is reduced in preeclampsia. We hypothesized increased placental cortisol availability in preeclampsia as missing(More)
To identify residual candidate normal progenitor/stem cell populations in childhood B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL), expression of AC133 and CD117 was analysed on the leukaemic cell clone and on immature B-lineage-negative CD34+CD19- bone marrow cells. 10/25 patients (40%) had no detectable expression of AC133 within the leukaemic cell(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) mediates the transport of cholesterol, phospholipids, and other lipophilic molecules across cellular membranes. Recent data provide evidence that ABCA1 plays an important role in placental function but the exact cellular sites of ABCA1 action in the placenta remain controversial. To clarify this issue, we(More)
The recently published study of Bhattacharjee et al. on the localisation of the lipid transporter ABCA1 [1] essentially reflects our immunohistochemical findings in first (n1⁄4 5) and third trimester (n1⁄4 5) human placental tissues. However, some cell types that we have consistently identified as moderately to strongly positive for ABCA1 are apparently(More)