Marc Thevenin

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A profound imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants has been suggested in uremic patients on maintenance hemodialysis. However, the respective influence of uremia and dialysis procedure has not been evaluated. Circulating levels of copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and reductase (GSSG-Rd), total GSH and GSSG(More)
BACKGROUND Oxidative stress has long been demonstrated in haemodialysis patients. However, the factors influencing their oxidative status have not been characterized extensively in these patients. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate the influence of a large number of factors known to be associated with oxidative stress. METHODS In the(More)
To obtain a comprehensive profile of the erythrocyte antioxidant defense potential during aging, we investigated copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD), seleno-dependent glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), glutathione reductase (GSSG-RD), and glutathione-S-transferase (GSH-S-T) activities in human erythrocytes from 167 apparently healthy subjects, ages(More)
Alteration of calcium homeostasis has been proposed to play a major role in cell necrosis induced by a variety of chemical agents such as acetaminophen (APAP). In this study, a potential protective effect of the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocking agent, nifedipine, was investigated in vitro on acetaminophen-induced hepatocyte damage. Rat hepatocytes(More)
FK506, cyclosporin A (CsA), and its structural analog cyclosporin G (CsG) are immunosuppressant drugs mainly metabolized by hepatic cytochrome P-450 3A (CYP 3A) oxygenase. FK506 metabolites exhibit greater toxicity than the parent drug, while CsA metabolites are far less toxic than CsA itself. The aim of our study was to compare the toxicity of CsG with CsA(More)
Defenses against free radical damage were determined in red blood cells and plasma from 40 patients with dementia of the Alzheimer-type (DAT) and 34 aged control subjects with normal cognitive function. No crude significant difference in erythrocyte copper-zinc superoxide dismutase (E-CuZnSOD), seleno-dependent glutathione peroxidase (E-GSH-Px), glutathione(More)
Tendinopathy are classic side effects observed with fluoroquinolones antibiotics. A previously validated model based on a spontaneously immortalized rabbit tendon cell line (Teno cell line) was used to evaluate cellular responses to the fluoroquinolones pefloxacin (PEF), ofloxacin (OFX), levofloxacin (LVX), and ciprofloxacin (CIP), in various(More)
It has been shown that some cytochrome P450-dependent enzyme activities could present daily fluctuations, particularly CYP3A isoenzymes which are enhanced during the dark period. The aim of this study was to investigate whether age and photoperiodic conditions at different circadian stages could influence these fluctuations. Young mature (10 weeks) and old(More)
We investigated serum lipoproteins in uraemic and kidney transplant patients, and compared the results with those from normal persons. In uraemic patients, with or without haemodialysis, and in kidney transplant patients, the ratio of HDL-cholesterol to total cholesterol minus HDL-cholesterol, the ratio of HDL-phospholipids to total phospholipids minus(More)