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This study reports a combined scalp current density (SCD) and dipole model analysis of the N1 wave of the auditory event-related potentials evoked by 1 kHz tone bursts delivered every second. The SCD distributions revealed: (i) a sink and a source of current reversing in polarity at the inferotemporal level of each hemiscalp, compatible with neural(More)
This paper presents a study of the intrinsic localization error bias due to the use of a spherical geometry model on EEG simulated data obtained from realistically shaped models. About 2000 dipoles were randomly chosen on the segmented cortex surface of a particular subject. Forward calculations were performed using a uniformly meshed model for each dipole(More)
The present paper describes a behavioral setup, designed and built in our laboratory, allowing the systematic and automatic recording of performances in a large number of olfactory behavioral tests. This computerized monitoring system has the capability of measuring different aspects of olfactory function in mice using different paradigms including(More)
In animals, emotional memory is classically assessed through pavlovian fear conditioning in which a neutral novel stimulus (conditioned stimulus) is paired with an aversive unconditioned stimulus. After conditioning, the conditioned stimulus elicits a fear response characterized by a wide range of behavioral and physiological responses. Despite the(More)
Scalp current density analysis of the auditory evoked response to 1-kHz tone bursts delivered at various interstimulus intervals (ISIs) (from 1 s to 2 min in separate runs) shows that two different frontal components can be observed and functionally dissociated in the N1 time range: one is elicited for all ISIs, peaks at about 95 ms poststimulus, and has a(More)
Recent findings have revealed the importance of orthonasal and retronasal olfaction in food memory, especially in conditioned odor aversion (COA); however, little is known about the dynamics of the cerebral circuit involved in the recognition of an odor as a toxic food signal and whether the activated network depends on the way (orthonasal vs retronasal)(More)
The auditory P2 wave has been studied by means of scalp potential and scalp current density (SCD) mapping. Two components were described. One, peaking around 150 ms, probably reflects a major activity in both supra temporal planes as revealed by SCD maps (P150). The other is a bilateral temporo-parietal component peaking around 220 ms (P220). These two(More)
Insulin is involved in multiple regulatory mechanisms, including body weight and food intake, and plays a critical role in metabolic disorders such as obesity and diabetes. An increasing body of evidence indicates that insulin is also involved in the modulation of olfactory function. The olfactory bulb (OB) contains the highest level of insulin and insulin(More)
Reaction times and event-related potentials (ERPs) were recorded during a task requiring subjects to decide whether two sequentially presented polygons had the same shape regardless of differences in orientation. Reaction times increased approximately linearly with angular departure from upright orientation, which suggests that mental rotation was involved(More)
In the brain, glucose homeostasis of extracellular fluid is crucial to the point that systems specifically dedicated to glucose sensing are found in areas involved in energy regulation and feeding behavior. Olfaction is a major sensory modality regulating food consumption. Nutritional status in turn modulates olfactory detection. Recently it has been(More)