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The first genetic map for Hevea spp. (2n=36) is presented here. It is based on a F1 progeny of 106 individuals allowing the construction of a female, a male, and a synthetic map according to the pseudo-testcross strategy. Progeny were derived from an interspecific cross between PB260, a H. brasiliensis cultivated clone, and RO38, a H. brasiliensis×H.(More)
 Molecular diversity was analysed among 162 clones of sugarcane using DNA restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP). One hundred and nine of them were modern cultivars of interspecific origin; most of them were bred in Barbados or in Mauritius. Fifty three were from Saccharum officinarum species, which is the major source of genes in modern cultivars,(More)
A study of the genetic diversity in coconut by RFLP analysis was performed in 100 individuals representing 10 Tall and seven Dwarf local populations or 'ecotypes' from various geographical origins. Nine cDNA clones from rice, one mitochondrial DNA clone (CoxI) and one genomic clone (rDNA) from wheat were used as probe for southern hybridization. The(More)
South American leaf blight (SALB) is a disease of the rubber tree caused by the fungus Microcyclus ulei. Quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for resistance were mapped using 195 F1 progeny individuals derived from the cross between a susceptible cultivated clone, PB260, and a resistant clone, RO38, derived from interspecific hybridization. The resistance level(More)
Farmers, industry, governments and environmental groups agree that it would be useful to manage transgenic crops producing insecticidal proteins to delay the evolution of resistance in target pests. The main strategy proposed for delaying resistance to Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) toxins in transgenic crops is the high-dose/refuge strategy. This strategy is(More)
Restriction fragment length polymorphism was assessed in wild and cultivated populations of Hevea brasiliensis using random probes from an Hevea nuclear library. One-hundred-and-sixty-four individuals were surveyed, and the results discussed in the light of previous work performed on isozyme variation. Both studies show that germplasm collections have led(More)
Ribosomal DNA variations were surveyed to assess the genetic variability among Hevea brasiliensis genetic resources. One hundred and sixty-eight individuals, including 73 cultivated Wickham clones and 95 wild clones from a prospection, were analyzed. Restriction mapping of rDNA units showed that RFLP variations are the result of both length and site (EcoRI)(More)
The South American Leaf Blight (SALB), caused by the fungus Microcyclus ulei, is the major rubber tree disease in all Central and South America. A population of 192 progeny individuals derived from a cross between a resistant clone and a susceptible cultivated clone was planted in a field trial in French Guiana in order to evaluate the resistance parameters(More)
Current ex situ collections of the wild rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis were gathered more than 25 years ago mainly from populations in Southwest Amazonia. Information regarding the structure of genetic diversity among these populations is fragmented and needs refinement. Having analyzed polymorphisms at 15 microsatellites loci throughout the Hevea genome,(More)
Understanding the processes by which new diseases are introduced in previously healthy areas is of major interest in elaborating prevention and management policies, as well as in understanding the dynamics of pathogen diversity at large spatial scale. In this study, we aimed to decipher the dispersal processes that have led to the emergence of the plant(More)