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The methods for treating experimental data in the isomorphous replacement and anomalous scattering methods of macromolecular phase determination have undergone considerable evolution since their inception 50 years ago. The successive formulations used are reviewed, from the most simplistic viewpoint to the most advanced, including the exploration of some(More)
CONTEXT Despite the high rate of lower limb injuries in basketball players, studies of the dominant-limb effect in elite athletes often neglect injury history. OBJECTIVE To determine lower limb explosive-strength asymmetries in professional basketball players compared with junior basketball players and control participants. DESIGN Cohort study. (More)
We present here the structure of Yer010c protein of unknown function, solved by Multiple Anomalous Diffraction and revealing a common fold and oligomerization state with proteins of the regulator of ribonuclease activity A (RraA) family. In Escherichia coli, RraA has been shown to regulate the activity of ribonuclease E by direct interaction. The absence of(More)
The protein p64k from the surface of the Neisseria meningitidis bacteria has been characterized as a two-domain protein. It contains a dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase domain of 482 residues, involving a FAD prosthetic group as a cofactor, and a smaller lipoic acid binding domain of 86 residues. The two domains are joined by a flexible segment rich in alanine(More)
BACKGROUND The world's epidemic of obesity is responsible for the development of bariatric surgery in recent decades. The number of gastrointestinal surgeries performed annually for severe obesity (BMI > 40 kg/m2) in the United States has increased from about 16,000 in the early 1990s to about 103,000 in 2003. The surgical techniques can be classified as(More)
X-ray diffraction is used to study the binding of xenon and krypton to a variety of crystallised proteins: porcine pancreatic elastase; subtilisin Carlsberg from Bacillus licheniformis; cutinase from Fusarium solani; collagenase from Hypoderma lineatum; hen egg lysozyme, the lipoamide dehydrogenase domain from the outer membrane protein P64k from Neisseria(More)
BACKGROUND Under moderate pressure, xenon can bind to proteins and form weak but specific interactions. Such protein-xenon complexes can be used as isomorphous derivatives for phase determination in X-ray crystallography. RESULTS Investigation of the serine proteinase class of enzymes shows that the catalytic triad, the common hydrolytic motif of these(More)
PTPA, an essential and specific activator of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A), functions as a peptidyl prolyl isomerase (PPIase). We present here the crystal structures of human PTPA and of the two yeast orthologs (Ypa1 and Ypa2), revealing an all alpha-helical protein fold that is radically different from other PPIases. The protein is organized into two(More)
Throughout evolution, one of the most ancient forms of aggression between cells or organisms has been the production of proteins or peptides affecting the permeability of the target cell membrane. This class of virulence factors includes the largest family of bacterial toxins, the pore-forming toxins (PFTs). PFTs are bistable structures that can exist in a(More)