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Growth of Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Alternaria alternata at their respective optimum temperatures was studied in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium at different water activities (a(w)) adjusted with glycerol. The growth rate (mu) was expressed as the increase in colony radius per unit of time. This paper(More)
From the rhizomes of Dioscorea cayenensis Lam.-Holl (Dioscoreaceae), the new 26- O- beta- D-glucopyranosyl-22-methoxy-3 beta,26-dihydroxy-25( R)-furost-5-en-3- O- alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)- alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-[ alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)]- beta- D-glucopyranoside ( 1) was isolated together with the known dioscin ( 2) and diosgenin(More)
The influence of temperature (T) and water activity (a w) on the growth rate (μ) of seven moulds (Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Mucor racemosus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Rhizopus oryzae and Trichoderma harzianum) was assessed in suboptimal conditions. Firstly, the dependence of fungal growth on temperature, at a w(More)
This review will summarize some of the important reports on the chemistry and the biological activities of Dioscorea steroid saponins from the literature data of recent years (2000–2006) and from the authors’ studies. These discoveries became possible as a result of the scientific development of isolation, structure elucidation, and the development of in(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive filamentous fungi infections resulting from inhalation of mold conidia pose a major threat in immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis is based on direct smears, cultural symptoms, and culturing fungi. Airborne conidia present in the laboratory environment may cause contamination of cultures, resulting in false-positive diagnosis.(More)
Recent literature has shown the growing importance of opportunistic fungal infections due to Fusarium spp. However, disseminated fusariosis remains rare in patients without neutropenia. We report a case of fungaemia in a 78-year-old French woman without definite immunodeficiency. Fusarium proliferatum grew from both central and peripheral blood cultures.(More)
An 18-month survey of indoor fungal contamination was conducted in one haematology unit during a period of construction work. Air was sampled with a portable Air System Impactor and surfaces with contact Sabouraud plates. During this survey the mean concentration of viable fungi in air was 4.2 cfu/m(3) and that for surfaces was 1.7 cfu/plate. At the(More)
Dijon Hospital is a French tertiary care institution undergoing major renovation, and different microbiological controls revealed the presence of Fusarium spp. in the water distribution system. Because some Fusarium spp. can cause life-threatening opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, an 8-month survey was conducted in two hospital sites(More)
BACKGROUND The Dijon University Hospital in Dijon, France is involved in a large construction program with heavy truck traffic and a very dusty environment. This study aimed to assess the impact of outdoor hospital construction work on Aspergillus air contamination in the immediate environment of patients at high risk for aspergillosis in the presence of(More)
AIMS The influence of temperature, water activity and pH on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila, and on its survival after transfer in nutrient-poor water were assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS Experiments were carried out according to a Box-Behnken matrix at 10-30 degrees C, 0.95-0.99 water activity (aw) and pH 5-9. The effect of each factor on the kinetic(More)