Marc Sautour

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Growth of Penicillium chrysogenum, Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporium cladosporioides and Alternaria alternata at their respective optimum temperatures was studied in Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA) medium at different water activities (a(w)) adjusted with glycerol. The growth rate (mu) was expressed as the increase in colony radius per unit of time. This paper(More)
The influence of temperature (T) and water activity (a w) on the growth rate (μ) of seven moulds (Alternaria alternata, Aspergillus flavus, Cladosporium cladosporioides, Mucor racemosus, Penicillium chrysogenum, Rhizopus oryzae and Trichoderma harzianum) was assessed in suboptimal conditions. Firstly, the dependence of fungal growth on temperature, at a w(More)
AIMS Conidial germination of Penicillium chrysogenum was carried out under operating conditions compatible with a pastries manufacturing process. METHODS AND RESULTS A range, limited by two experimental values, was defined for each environmental factor tested: temperature (15 or 25 degrees C), water activity (0.75 or 0.85) and pH (3.5 or 5.5). A closed(More)
AIMS The influence of temperature, water activity and pH on the time necessary for germination of 90% of Penicillium chrysogenum conidia inoculated (T90) was determined. METHODS AND RESULTS A new experimental device was developed for easy monitoring of the germination process. Experiments were carried out according to a Doehlert matrix at 11-31 degrees C,(More)
From the rhizomes of Dioscorea cayenensis Lam.-Holl (Dioscoreaceae), the new 26- O- beta- D-glucopyranosyl-22-methoxy-3 beta,26-dihydroxy-25( R)-furost-5-en-3- O- alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)- alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->4)-[ alpha- L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)]- beta- D-glucopyranoside ( 1) was isolated together with the known dioscin ( 2) and diosgenin(More)
A one-year prospective survey of fungal air contamination was conducted in outdoor air and inside two haematological units of a French hospital. Air was sampled with a portable Air System Impactor. During this period of survey, the mean viable fungal load was 122.1 cfu/m(3) in outdoor air samples, and 4.1 and 3.9 cfu/m(3) in samples from adult and pediatric(More)
AIMS The influence of temperature, water activity and pH on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila, and on its survival after transfer in nutrient-poor water were assessed. METHODS AND RESULTS Experiments were carried out according to a Box-Behnken matrix at 10-30 degrees C, 0.95-0.99 water activity (aw) and pH 5-9. The effect of each factor on the kinetic(More)
In vitro susceptibility of 933 Candida isolates, from 16 French hospitals, to micafungin was determined using the Etest in each center. All isolates were then sent to a single center for determination of MICs by the EUCAST reference method. Overall essential agreement between the two tests was 98.5% at ±2 log2 dilutions and 90.2% at ±1 log2 dilutions.(More)
This review will summarize some of the important reports on the chemistry and the biological activities of Dioscorea steroid saponins from the literature data of recent years (2000–2006) and from the authors’ studies. These discoveries became possible as a result of the scientific development of isolation, structure elucidation, and the development of in(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive filamentous fungi infections resulting from inhalation of mold conidia pose a major threat in immunocompromised patients. The diagnosis is based on direct smears, cultural symptoms, and culturing fungi. Airborne conidia present in the laboratory environment may cause contamination of cultures, resulting in false-positive diagnosis.(More)