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The use of standards in gene expression measurements with DNA microarrays is ubiquitous--they just are not yet the kind of standards that have yielded microarray gene expression profiles that can be readily compared across different studies and different laboratories. They also are not yet enabling microarray measurements of the known, verifiable quality(More)
Previous in vitro studies showed that Ca++ and 1,25(OH)2D3 modulate peritoneal macrophage (PM0) antimicrobial activity in CAPD patients. Twenty-four CAPD patients were evaluated in vivo (12 who had never had peritonitis, and 12 with an overall peritonitis incidence of more than one episode per 8 patient/months), for the effects of different peritoneal(More)
The modulation of erythropoiesis by erythropoietin is conditioned by the concentration of Ca++ in the cytoplasm of the bone marrow erythroid precursors. We evaluated in vitro erythroid colony development from bone marrow erythroid precursors incubated with increasing concentrations of Ca++ or Ca++ plus 1,25 (OH)2 D3, and bone marrow erythroid precursor(More)
In vitro studies indicate that the culture medium Ca++ concentration conditions the response to erythropoietin of bone marrow erythropoietic cells which also have specific receptors for 1,25(OH)2D3. We therefore evaluated in 12 anemic CAPD patients: 1) in vitro with increasing concentrations of Ca++ alone or Ca++ plus 1,25(OH)2D3 a) Ca++ in the bone marrow(More)
To evaluate the role of bacterial peritonitis in peritoneal macrophage (PMO) Beta-2 Microglobulin (B2M) production and its relationship with PMO Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) release we analyzed in 20 CAPD patients (10 with peritonitis): 1. in vivo plasma and peritoneal dialysis effluent (PDE) B2M, IL-1 and LTB4 levels; 2. in vitro B2M,(More)
We analyzed the effects of monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL), a relatively nontoxic immunostimulant derived from bacterial endotoxin, on the depressed in vitro immune function of leukocytes derived from six patients undergoing continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis and who had histories of recurrent bacterial peritonitis. MPL was also tested for its capacity(More)
The ability of monophosphoryl lipid A (MPLA) to enhance nonspecific host resistance to bacterial infections was studied. Mice were treated with MPLA prior to intraperitoneal challenge with Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus epidermidis. Animals received additional MPLA for 2 days postinfection, and survival rates were determined. Ten micrograms of MPLA per(More)
Ca++ has been proposed as an intracellular second messenger for the activation of immune cells. An immune regulatory role for 1,25(OH)2D3 has also been suggested. We therefore evaluated the role of Ca++ and 1,25(OH)2D3 in the depressed antibacterial functions of 8 CAPD patients with relapsing bacterial peritonitis by evaluating in vitro the effects of(More)
In CAPD patients with relapsing bacterial peritonitis who do not benefit from intraperitoneal therapy with IgG (IgG nonresponders), the authors demonstrated that peritoneal macrophages are deficient in IgG Fc receptors (FcR) and, therefore, unable to kill bacteria, independent of the levels of the opsonic molecule IgG in the peritoneal dialysis effluent(More)