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Centrioles are key structural elements of centrosomes and primary cilia. In mammals, only a few proteins including PLK4, CPAP (CENPJ), SAS6, CEP192, CEP152 and CEP135 have thus far been identified to be required for centriole duplication. STIL (SCL/TAL1 interrupting locus, also known as SIL) is a centrosomal protein that is essential for mouse and zebrafish(More)
BACKGROUND Elotuzumab, an immunostimulatory monoclonal antibody targeting signalling lymphocytic activation molecule (SLAM) family member 7 (SLAMF7), selectively kills SLAMF7-expressing myeloma cells through direct activation and engagement of the innate immune system, and thus might have clinical benefit in the treatment of myeloma. In phase 1 of this(More)
In patients with multiple myeloma (MM), risk stratification by chromosomal abnormalities may enable a more rational selection of therapeutic approaches. In the present study, we analyzed the prognostic value of 12 chromosomal abnormalities in a series of 354 MM patients treated within the HOVON-65/GMMG-HD4 trial. Because of the 2-arm design of the study, we(More)
Bone marrow angiogenesis is associated with multiple myeloma (MM) progression. Here, we report high constitutive hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (Hif-1alpha) expression in MM cells, which is associated with oncogenic c-Myc. A drug screen for anti-MM agents that decrease Hif-1alpha and c-Myc levels identified a variety of compounds, including bortezomib,(More)
To delineate multiple myeloma (MM) subgroups and their clonal evolution, we analyzed 81 newly diagnosed patients by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization using a comprehensive probe set for 10 chromosomes and two IGH rearrangements. A median of 5 probes per patient displayed aberrant signal numbers (range, 1-10). Additional copies most frequently(More)
A hallmark of plasma cells is the expression of syndecan-1, which has major functions in epithelial cells, in particular as the coreceptor of heparin-binding growth factors. We previously found that heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a growth factor for malignant plasma cells. As amphiregulin (AREG) is another(More)
In multiple myeloma, there has been little progress in the specific therapeutic targeting of oncogenic mutations. Whole-genome sequencing data have recently revealed that a subset of patients carry an activating mutation (V600E) in the BRAF kinase. To uncover the clinical relevance of this mutation in multiple myeloma, we correlated the mutation status in(More)
B-cell activating factor (BAFF) and a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL) have been shown to promote multiple myeloma (MM) cell growth. We show that the main site of production for BAFF and APRIL is the bone marrow (BM) environment, and that production is mainly by monocytes and neutrophils. In addition, osteoclasts produce very high levels of APRIL,(More)
In multiple myeloma (MM) protein kinase C (PKC) signaling pathways have been implicated in cell proliferation, survival, and migration. Here we investigated the novel, orally available PKC-inhibitor enzastaurin for its anti-MM activity. Enzastaurin specifically inhibits phorbol ester-induced activation of PKC isoforms, as well as phosphorylation of(More)
Here we show the antimyeloma cytotoxicity of adaphostin and carried out expression profiling of adaphostin-treated multiple myeloma (MM) cells to identify its molecular targets. Surprisingly, c-Jun was the most up-regulated gene even at the earliest point of analysis (2 h). We also observed adaphostin-induced c-Abl cleavage in immunoblot analysis.(More)