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BACKGROUND Myocardial regeneration via stem-cell mobilisation at the time of myocardial infarction is known to occur, although the mechanism for stem-cell homing to infarcted tissue subsequently and whether this approach can be used for treatment of ischaemic cardiomyopathy are unknown. We investigated these issues in a Lewis rat model (ligation of the left(More)
BACKGROUND Established methods of risk assessment in percutaneous coronary intervention have focused on clinical and anatomical lesion characteristics. Emerging evidence indicates the substantial contribution of inflammatory processes to short-term and long-term outcomes in coronary artery disease. METHODS AND RESULTS Within a single-center registry of(More)
INTRODUCTION Oxidised LDL is thought to play an important part in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. Observational studies have associated alpha tocopherol (vitamin E), beta carotene, or both, with reductions in cardiovascular events, but not clinical trials. We did a meta-analysis to assess the effect of these compounds on long-term cardiovascular(More)
Myocardial remodeling is a major contributor in the development of heart failure (HF) after myocardial infarction (MI). Integrin-linked kinase (ILK), LIM-only adaptor PINCH-1, and α-parvin are essential components of focal adhesions (FAs), which are highly expressed in the heart. ILK binds tightly to PINCH-1 and α-parvin, which regulates FA assembly and(More)
RATIONALE Exogenous stem cell delivery is under investigation to prevent and treat cardiac dysfunction. It is less studied as to the extent endogenous bone marrow derived stem cells contribute to cardiac homeostais in response to stress and the affects of aging on this stress response. OBJECTIVE To determine the role of bone marrow (BM) derived stem cells(More)
BACKGROUND Overexpression of stromal cell-derived factor-1 in injured tissue leads to improved end-organ function. In this study, we quantify the local trophic effects of mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) stromal cell-derived factor-1 release on the effects of MSC engraftment in the myocardium after acute myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS Conditional(More)
BACKGROUND The pleiotropic actions of hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA reductase inhibitors (statins) include antiinflammatory and antioxidant actions. We recently reported that statins induce reductions in plasma protein levels of nitrotyrosine (NO2Tyr), a modification generated by nitric oxide-derived oxidants. Whether alternative oxidative pathways are(More)
RATIONALE Stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1/CXCR4 axis has an instrumental role during cardiac development and has been shown to be a potential therapeutic target for optimizing ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Although a therapeutic target, the specific role of cardiac myocyte CXCR4 (CM-CXCR4)(More)
BACKGROUND Thrombospondin-1 (TSP-1) expression in the vascular wall has been related to the development of atherosclerotic lesions and restenosis. TSP-1 promotes the development of neointima and has recently been associated with atherogenesis at a genetic level. Because TSP-1 expression is responsive to glucose stimulation in mesangial cells, we(More)
BACKGROUND Chronobiological rhythms have been shown to influence the occurrence of a variety of cardiovascular disorders. However, the effects of the time of the day, the day of the week, or monthly/seasonal changes on acute aortic dissection (AAD) have not been well studied. METHODS AND RESULTS Accordingly, we evaluated 957 patients enrolled in the(More)