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We examined passive and active membrane properties and synaptic responses of medium-sized spiny striatal neurons in brain slices from presymptomatic (approximately 40 days of age) and symptomatic (approximately 90 days of age) R6/2 transgenics, a mouse model of Huntington's disease (HD) and their age-matched wild-type (WT) controls. This transgenic(More)
Huntington disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant disorder in which degeneration of medium-sized spiny striatal neurons occurs. The HD gene and the protein it encodes, huntingtin, have been identified but their functions remain unknown. Transgenic mouse models for HD have been developed and we examined responses of medium-sized striatal neurons recorded in(More)
Inactivation of the mouse homologue of the Huntington disease gene (Hdh) results in early embryonic lethality. To investigate the normal function of Hdh in the adult and to evaluate current models for Huntington disease (HD), we have used the Cre/loxP site-specific recombination strategy to inactivate Hdh expression in the forebrain and testis, resulting in(More)
Illusions of continuous body tilt and rotation can be elicited by vibrating postural muscles of subjects standing in the dark. During such illusory motion, the apparent pivot point of the body can be influenced systematically by touch and pressure cues. Strong apparent movement is sometimes accompained by nystagmus of compensatory sign. If a small target(More)
The present experiments were designed to examine dopamine (DA) modulation of whole cell currents mediated by activation of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors in visualized neostriatal neurons in slices. First, we assessed the ability of DA, D1 and D2 receptor agonists to modulate membrane currents induced by activation of NMDA receptors. The results of(More)
The present experiments were designed to further examine the hypothesis that receptor subtype determines the direction of dopamine's (DA) ability to modulate neostriatal neuronal responses. We have reported that DA potentiates responses mediated by activation of N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors, but attenuates responses mediated by activation of(More)
This review examines dopamine (DA) and glutamate receptor interactions in the neostriatum (NS) primarily from a neurophysiological perspective. Historically, a clear understanding of the function of DA in the NS has been difficult because it was considered a classical neurotransmitter with either excitatory or inhibitory actions and because many of the data(More)
Tacrolimus is a commonly used immunosuppressive agent in renal transplantation. Therapeutic drug monitoring of tacrolimus is recommended because it demonstrates wide pharmacokinetic interpatient variability. Part of that variability may be the result of metabolism by cytochrome P450 3A5 (CYP3A5), which is only expressed in some adult individuals. The(More)
Neurons in Huntington's disease exhibit selective morphological and subcellular alterations in the striatum and cortex. The link between these neuronal changes and behavioral abnormalities is unclear. We investigated relationships between essential neuronal changes that predict motor impairment and possible involvement of the corticostriatal pathway in(More)