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The vocal quality of a patient is modeled by means of a Dysphonia Severity Index (DSI), which is designed to establish an objective and quantitative correlate of the perceived vocal quality. The DSI is based on the weighted combination of the following selected set of voice measurements: highest frequency (F(0)-High in Hz), lowest intensity (I-Low in dB),(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to obtain normative nasalance scores for adult subjects speaking the Flemish language. Additional objectives of the study were to determine if speaker sex played a role in differences in nasalance scores and if significantly different nasalance scores existed for Flemish compared with other languages or dialects. (More)
Perceptual evaluation of 14 pathological voices was performed by 29 listeners using the GRBAS scale. To evaluate scale effects on the judgments, 2 versions of the scale were presented: the original 4-point scale and a visual analog scale. Each listener used the same voice samples for both versions of the scale with an interval of 2 weeks. Agreement was(More)
UNLABELLED Speech samples of 79 dysarthric patients (native speakers of English) were judged by two experienced judges by means of a perceptual rating scale covering the four main dimensions of speech production: voice quality, articulation, nasality and prosody as well as overall intelligibility. In order to determine the relative influence of the four(More)
The prosodic aspects of hypokinetic dysarthria in Parkinson's disease (PD) have been the focus of numerous reports. Few data on the effects of levodopa on prosody, more specifically on the effects on the variability of prosodic characteristics such as pitch, loudness and speech rate, are available in advanced PD. The relation between these characteristics(More)
OBJECTIVE Comparison of the auditory and subjective capabilities of 2 implantable bone conduction devices BAHA Divino sound processor (Divino) and the BAHA BP100 sound processor (BP100) using a daily alternating method. STUDY DESIGN Open prospective comparative trial. SETTING Tertiary referral otology and neurotology center. PATIENTS Ten patients with(More)
The main purpose of the present acoustical study was to delineate further the changes in nasal resonance in childhood and young adulthood. An additional objective was to collect reference nasal resonance scores for normal Flemish-speaking children. Scores were recorded with a Nasometer while 33 children produced sounds and read three standard passages. We(More)
Perceptual evaluation was performed by means of the GRBAS scale for a series of nine pathological voice samples that were presented twice to a group of 23 judges, consisting of experienced and inexperienced otolaryngologists (ENTs) and speech-language pathologists (S/LPs). The time interval between ratings was 14 days. Test-retest reliability was moderate.(More)
The reported study investigated the effect of 7 rate control methods (RCM) on running speech intelligibility, speaking rate (SR), articulation rate (AR) and pause characteristics in 27 individuals with dysarthria. The data reveal that with the exception of slower on demand, each RCM resulted in lower mean SRs and ARs (p < 0.05). Clinically significant(More)
INTRODUCTION Severe tinnitus can seriously impair patients in their activities in daily life and reduce their quality of life. The aims of this prospective clinical study were to assess the long-term effects of cochlear implantation (CI) on tinnitus in patients with single-sided deafness and ipsilateral incapacitating tinnitus, and to investigate whether CI(More)