Marc Rhainds

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We conducted this study to evaluate blood levels of lead, mercury, and organochlorine compounds in newborns in the Province of Quebec. During 1993 to 1995, we carried out a survey in 10 hospitals located in southern Quebec. During that time, umbilical cord blood samples were obtained from 1109 newborns, and we analyzed each for lead, mercury, 14(More)
Analyses completed on samples collected between 1993 and 1996 showed that about 7% of 475 Inuit newborns from northern Quebec (Canada) had a cord blood lead concentration equal to or greater than 0.48 micromol/l, an intervention level adopted by many governmental agencies. A comparison between the cord blood lead isotope ratios of Inuit and southern Quebec(More)
Seafood consumption during pregnancy carries both benefits (high n−3 FA intake) and risks (exposure to environmental contaminants) for the developing fetus. We determined the impacts of marine n−3 FA and environmental contaminants on gestational age (GA) of Nunavik women and the anthropometric characteristics of their newborns. FA and contaminant(More)
Wood heating represents an interesting economic alternative to electrical or heating oil and gas systems. However, many people are concerned about poor indoor air quality in homes equipped with wood-burning appliances. We conducted a study in the Quebec City region (Canada) to verify the extent of indoor air contamination, and to examine the frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) exposure can be associated with reduced neonatal morbidities. We systematically review the evidence for the benefits of omega-3 LCPUFAs for reducing neonatal morbidities in extremely preterm infants. METHODS Data sources were PubMed, Embase, Center for Reviews and(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of cigarette smoking (active and passive exposure) and alcohol consumption during pregnancy on cord blood lead levels. In 1990, a survey was conducted in two hospitals in Québec City, Québec, Canada, a white-collar agglomeration. The sample included 430 mothers and their newborns. Information on the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to review international experiences of patient or public involvement in the field of health technology assessment (HTA). METHODS A systematic review of the scientific literature was conducted. A literature search was performed across nine databases. Other literature was identified through citation tracking, government(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory disease is a major cause of morbidity in young people. It is now recognized that atopy plays an important role in the development of chronic respiratory symptoms in children. OBJECTIVE To examine the determinants and consequences of serum total and specific immunoglobulin E (IgE) in a general population sample of Québec children and(More)
BACKGROUND The recent establishment of health technology assessment (HTA) units in University hospitals in the Province of Quebec (Canada) provides a unique opportunity to foster increased participation of patients in decisions regarding health technologies and interventions at the local level. However, little is known about factors that influence whether(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use is recognized as a key component of the Enhanced Recovery After Surgery protocols and is systematically recommended in colorectal surgery to optimize perioperative care. However, a red flag about this practice has been raised because clinical studies have recently pointed out an increased risk of anastomotic(More)